Death of the Uni-polar World

One of the phenomena of the last 500 years — the Party Time — was the rise of the uni-polar World.  This is a world that has one dominant player.  Before that time, the concept did not really exist, since the world was not globalized, and the large scale empires of the time, such as the Roman, Chinese, or Persian, only held sway over a  limited part of the whole world.  Once the New World was known by the Europeans (and I ignore those  who criticize the term since it was obviously known by the natives, as a case of semantic confusion) the uni-polar world became possible.  We are now moving into a multi-polar world where there is more than one power center.   But the unfortunate situation is that the uni-polar power at this time does not recognize that a multi-polar world is possible or desirable.  When the previous uni-polar champ, Britain, was replaced in the early years of the Twentieth Century, it was able to resign with some grace  and did not make a scene.  This is often held up as a example that superpowers  should follow.  But perhaps Britain was an exception to the rule that a superpower does not go gently.  For the next 500 years, there will be several dominant powers in the world, including, one hopes, the people of the world, as was predicted by the New York Times (“world public opinion was a second superpower”) after  the large marches on  February 15, 2003 to prevent the invasion of Iraq.

For the purpose of this entry, I am going to talk about four superpowers that dominated the last 500 years, their rise and fall.  These four were, in turn, Spain, Holland, Britain, and the United States.  The important astrological event for these power changes seems to be Pluto crossing the Cardinal Axis — 0 Aries, Cancer, Libra, and Capricorn.  Note that the importance of the cardinal axis is shown by the chart of   1492, which has Neptune, and not Pluto, crossing the cardinal axis.

Spain was the dominant power at the beginning of this 500 year period because the country became unified and they had  several explorers travel to the rest of the world and bring back riches, gold and silver, to the home country.

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Rise of Spain

The important year seems to be 1479:  This was after Isabelle and Ferdinand were married, but Isabelle was still involved in a war    with her sister over control of Castile.  This  war was settled in September of that year with the Treaty of Alcáçovas.  Also that year Ferdinand succeeded his father in Aragon.  This paved the way for Castile and Aragon to join together and   a unified Spain to result.  As we can see from this chart, Pluto crossed the Libra point, and thus crossed the Cardinal Axis.

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Spain Unified

Both these events took place in the same year, but of course  the developments leading up to and following after were important.  Spain had been conquered by the Moors in the Tenth Century, and it was a challenge for the Spanish to drive (or convert) the Moors over the next 500 years.  They were finally successful in 1492 with the Reconquista.  Another ethnic group that upset the Spanish were the many Jews who lived in Spain.  Spain also gave them the choice of converting  to Catholicism or else — see Spanish Inquisition.  This was accomplished pretty much by the same year.  But Spain was still not a unified country:  There was Castile which was in the center and north of the Iberian peninsula, and was controlled at this time by Isabelle, and Aragon in the north of the Iberian peninsula near the Pyrenees Mountains, controlled by Ferdinand.  After the two were married in 1469  the two nations of Castile and Aragon were joined together, and after the Muslims were driven out, Spain became a unified country, bent on establishing its power. After this point Spain was sending explorers around the world, bringing back gold and silver to enrich the home country.  This Spanish Golden Age was also a great one for Spanish arts and literature, with the examples of the painter El Greco, known for his elongated figures, and Miguel Cervantes, whose best known work is Don Quixote. The country began to lose lustre with the defeat of the Spanish Armada by England in 1588 and the loss of the lowland countries.  As we can see from the chart for that date, Pluto came to the Aries point, thus crossing the Cardinal Axis  again.

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Rise of Netherlands

The Dutch Republic rose with a long war against  the Hapsburg dynasty of Spain.  The Dutch Republic established the Dutch East India Company and the oldest stock market in the world in the early years of the Seventeenth Century.  The Dutch had a large fleet of merchant ships covering  the world.  At one time they were masters of New York, which they lost, won and lost again to the British.  The artists of this Dutch Golden Age are well known, consisting of such as Rembrandt (Night Watch) and Vermeer (Girl with a Pearl Earring).   The Dutch of the Low Countries dominated the world trade that had previously been controlled by the Spanish.

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Rise of England

Like other Empires, the Dutch enjoyed their time in the sun, but they felt competition with England.  England was involved in the Seven Years War (1756-63) which also involved the other major powers of Europe and was fought at various locations around the world.  The part in North America is called there the French and Indian War.  Winston Churchill thought that this war should be considered a World War.  In North America there was a battle between the French and British over  the control of Canada, and the French lost.  The painting by Benjamin West  called The Death of General Wolfe marks an important point in  this battle, near Quebec.  This marked the rise of Britain to be the dominant power in the world, a position that would last for over a century.  The chart for this transfer of power from the Dutch to the British is marked with Pluto at 0 Capricorn, again crossing the Cardinal Axis.

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Rise of United States

But by World War I, in which Britain defeated Germany, they had lost much power, and going off the gold standard didn’t help.  There was a new powerful country in the world, one that did not exist in  the middle of the Eighteenth Century, and they wereThe Death of General Wolfe able to step into the gap vacated by the British.  The British loss of power is spoken of in almost reverential terms by historians since that are widely credited with handling their loss of world power in a responsible manner.  One can only hope that the last country to give up power will have learned lesson from Britain, but at present that outlook is  doubtful.

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Death of the Uni-polar World

The United States was the country to become dominant after the British lost their pole position after World War I.  The Twentieth Century was indeed the American Century as Time Magazine publisher Henry Luce predicted in the Thirties.    With the 9/11 attacks and the Great Depression America is no longer the dominant power of the world.  A single dominant world power was a  phenomena of the previous 500 years and now the world must adapt to something new in this area, as in many, many others.   As H. G. Wells said, “Human history becomes more and more a race  between education and catastrophe.”

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Revolution At The Top

The planet Uranus has transited over the Midheaven of the United States three times since the country was born.  Uranus is the planet of revolution and the Midheaven represents our public position in the world, so one would  expect just by combining those two symbols that this transit would suggest a  revolution in the way we are seen or present ourselves to the world, in our public persona.  Let’s see how that plays in in reality.  Unlike Uranus transiting the IC, where the effects will be hidden from public view, transits to the MC will be public and apparent to all the world.

The first  time Uranus reached the MC of the United States was 1799-1801.  This time represented an important Presidential election for the country, its fourth.  In the first two elections, George Washington was easily elected.  He represented the Federalist Party which was all there was at the beginning, since initially it was thought that there was no need for political parties, that the president would represent everyone.  In the first two elections Washington was unopposed.  Washington chose not to run for a third term, which amazed outside observers since it was thought that he would continue to be president for his life, or in other words a king, much like what European countries were use to.  By the time of the third election in 1796 there was a party other than the Federalist, the Republican Party of Thomas Jefferson, and he ran against the Federalist candidate, John Adams, who had been Washington’s Vice-President, and who won the election.  This was the first contested election, with Thomas Jefferson serving as vice president, even though he was from a different party than Adams.

By the time of the fourth election, things got more interesting.  Adams was again running against Jefferson, along with Aaron Burr as Republicans.  But not all the bugs had been worked out of the election process, and there was no separate President and Vice President, a problem that the Twelfth Amendment to the Constitution was passed to fix.  The person receiving the highest votes was suppose to be President, and the person receiving the second highest was to be Vice President.  But both Jefferson and Burr got the same number of votes in the Electoral College.

This was the second contested presidential election in United States history and the first where the power would transfer from one  party to the other;  people were not sure that the transfer would be peaceful.  In France they had had a Revolution ten years previously, it had gotten violent, and now a dictator by the name of Napoleon had taken over the country just a year before, so people were wondering if the United States would go the same way as France.

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Revolution of 1800

After the Electoral Collage vote tied, the election fell into the House of Representatives, where each state had one vote.  But each ballot was the same, with both Jefferson and Burr getting the same number of votes.  This   process stretched out towards Inauguration Day in late March, and tempers were rising.  There was even talk of a civil war.  It began to look like America   would be another failed state.  The balloting had gone on 35 times and still there was no winner.  If it hadn’t been for the three-fifths clause of the Constitution, which gave states extra electoral votes based on three-fifths of their slave population, Adams would have won and the election would not have been thrown into the House.  Finally, on the thirty-sixth ballot, one person changed his vote and  Jefferson was elected as President and Burr became Vice-President.  Jefferson later called this the “Revolution of 1800.”  The United States survived its first election where the office  of the President changed hands to a different faction.

Uranus has a  period of 84 years; the next time Uranus went over the Midheaven of the United States was the middle of the 1880s.  Important activities were  happening regarding labor relations — the May Day celebration in Chicago comes to mind, most notably the Haymarket Massacre on May 4, 1886.  This was a rally to support the eight hour work day.  A bomb was thrown into the rally resulting in gunfire, chaos, and the death of seven police and at last four civilians.  Some anarchists were convicted on little evidence.  Four were executed as a result of the trial, while another killed himself just before his execution. Others were pardoned. This  was a very important milestone for labor relations in the United States, and it resulted in the annual observation of May Day as a labor celebration.  It also  served as a warning to the middle and upper classes that the workers below them  were unhappy with the state of labor.

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Santa Clara County v Southern Pacific Railroad

But I believe the most important event at the time, which has  even more meaning now than then, took place initially in California and eventually ended up in the Supreme Court of the United States where a decision was handed down that changed the real rulers of the country.  This was the decision known as Santa Clara County v Southern Pacific Railroad.  The argument before the Supreme Count and the decision took place in the first half of 1886, but it had been in process for years.  That county in California wanted to tax that railroad, but the railroad did not want to be taxed.  Th upshot of the decision, the one that is still with us today, came from  a headnote to the decision and not the decision itself.  Interestingly, the headnote was not written by any Justice but by a court reporter who had been the president of another railroad.  Basically, the headnote said that corporations were  persons as far as the Fourteenth Amendment to the Constitution was concerned.  At the time of this decision this Amendment had been passed only 18 years previously.  The Fourteenth Amendment has been applied more often to corporations than the freed   slaves it was intended for.  Some think that this assumption of corporations as people was possible because that amendment uses the term “persons” instead of “natural persons” which is legally more applicable to flesh-and-blood people.  In any case, recent Supreme Court decisions such as the infamous Citizens United have only built on the structure of that earlier Supreme Court decision that took place over 125 years ago.

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1968

The third passage of Uranus over the Midheaven of the United States, and one that happened relatively recently, needs no introduction, since the year in question has many books with the year as a title.  This transit was in 1968 and 1969.   The listing of “revolutionary” events of these years almost becomes repetitious. This was near the end of the Sixties, and passions had built up over the years.  A brief mention of the events of 1968 in America includes the assassination of Martin Luther King in  April, the assassination of Robert Kennedy in June, and the police riots at the Democratic Convention in Chicago in August.  1969  saw the Woodstock Music and Arts Festival  in August, the  Moon Landing in July, and the Concert  at the Altamont Speedway in California in December, which was declared the death of the Sixties.  (For a take on that concert from a group that was there, check out “New Speedway Boogie” by the Grateful Dead from their album Workingman’s Dead released the next year.)  Also in  December the followers of Charles Manson, inspired by another rock song  “Helter Skelter” from the album The Beatles (called the “White Album”) brutally murdered five people  at a Hollywood home, and two more the next day.  Another important but rarely mentioned event of 1969 was the assassination of Black Panther leader Fred Hampton by the FBI in December.  This is one of the events that helped radicalize even more the Weathermen (“You don’t need a weatherman to know which way the wind blows” Bob  Dylan sang in the song “Subterranean Homesick Blues” from the album Bringing It All Back Home) a splinter from the New Left group Students for a Democratic Society (SDS) that was  widespread in the Sixties.  The Weathermen would go on in the next couple of years to make waves in society with their violence.

The Twenties

There were several aspects that define the decade that is call the Twenties in the United States. This decade also  had a meaning in Europe, which  had recently been ravaged by the Great War and   was slowly recovering.  In Germany the Weimar Republic was an attempt to have a functioning democracy in that country after the previous regime was so tarnished by World War I.  England and France were also recovering from the effects of the War, and  Russia just saw a new Communist government take the reigns of power after the previous one had been overthrown by the Communists and a civil war between the Red and White Russians — supported by Western Powers England, France, and the United States — had been won.  As is often the case after a major war, new governments and new ways of life take over.  There  had also been a major influenza epidemic that had swept the world in the closing years of the previous decade, killing millions, and that of course also changed the world.

Even though the United States had witnessed little of the war, and then only from a great distance, they also had many changes, often self-induced.  The Prohibition of Alcohol took place on January 17, 1920, designed to coordinate with the beginning of a new decade.  America was also coming off a  previous period that had seen the passage of the Espionage and Sedition Acts under Woodrow Wilson, which allowed such dissents as Eugene Debs to be jailed.  It is noteworthy that this same act is being currently used by President Obama to jail whistleblowers.  There was a great fear of foreigners after World War I, and a distrust of the Russians  (the country was not recognized until 1933), which led to much fear of communist/alien/anarchist presence in the country.

But in the United States the “Return to Normalcy” (the phrase of the first president of the new decade, Warren Gamallel Harding) continued until the stock market crash of 1929.  The decade of the Thirties was to be much different, not only in  the United States, but throughout the world.

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Uranus trine Pluto Early Twenties

The first aspect of note is a trine between Uranus and Pluto that lasted from 1920 to 1923.  This affected the entire world, not just America, and indicates the changes that took place after the end of World War I and the influenza epidemic. The US had three important aspects to its natal chart, which had different effects (or rather symbolized different things) but their combinations was the profound changes that took place in America during the Twenties. This trine is shown above in a third harmonic graphical ephemeris.

In Germany, which had been ruled by the Hohenzollern family since the Eleventh Century (long before Germany existed as a country) which included their leader during World War I, Kaiser Wilhelm II, the rulership came to an end with the Germany Revolution after the War.  This was  followed by what is called the Weimar Republic. This  was Germany’s first attempt at democracy, and it was a period of great interest in such things as astrology and “New Age” ideas.  This of course came to an end with the rise of Adolf Hitler in 1933.

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Neptune Opposite US Moon

One aspect, that has been mentioned before is transiting Neptune opposite the Moon of the United States.  The peak of this was  1926-29.  Since Neptune moves so slowly, this was the first time that this aspect has happened since the planet was discovered.   Neptune Moon can be read as the people are deluded, which can refer to the stock market mania that swept the country during the Twenties, and it could speak to the great interest in sports during the Twenties, witness Babe Ruth and Red Grange in baseball and football, respectively; and that golf became a middle-class sport.  After the horrible war people just wanted to forget the past decade and have fun.  But the most obvious association is Prohibition that took place, in the United States and some  other countries, during this decade.  While other countries, such as Canada, gave up Prohibition earlier than the United States, the US maintained it until 1933 when the Depression, marking the next decade, was fully ensconced.

It is still debated whether drinking increased or not in the Twenties, especially later into the decade when the corruptness of the Prohibition agents was revealed.  But one of the things that caused Prohibition to be repealed is that many school children were showing up to school drunk; these were children who did not drink before.  There was much deceit involved in getting alcohol, not only in bootleggers and speakeasies, but also in the large demand for sacramental wine, only (of course) used for religious purposes, and also in doctors recommendations for alcohol, only (of course) for medical reasons.  The nation became, because of Prohibition, a less law-abiding country, with many people willing to look the other way.  Unfortunately, this attitude did not change after  Prohibition was repealed, because once those attitudes take root it is hard to turn them off.

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Uranus Transits IC of US

The transit of Uranus over  the IC of the United States, and thus opposite the Midheaven, is a bit harder to describe.  The peak of this was 1926-28.  The IC — Imum Coeli or Bottom of the Sky — is the most hidden point of the chart, the foundation or base of the country.  Transits over that point represent deep seated changes.  I’ve notice that transits over the IC start earlier and last longer than more obvious changes. Transits over the IC seem to represents changes in how the country see itself.  With this transit the people of the country began to feel comfortable with credit.  Before this decade, most people were uncomfortable with buying on time.  Starting with the Twenties,  people bought consumer items with credit and paid them off over time.  This  allowed the middle class, which was growing in this decade, to purchase more of the items they needed for their lifestyle, a trend that has really never stopped  since that time, though the Great Depression and the Second World War put a damper on things for a period.  The United States recently went through a similar  aspect, and the results have been described as the “New Normal.”

The overriding aspect of this decade was Pluto conjunct the Sun of the US, lasting the whole decade but with a peak 1923-27.  One of the meanings given for Pluto is organized crime, and the Twenties was certainly a highpoint for crime, when, because of Prohibition, organized crime  really took off and gained a foothold in America  that of course did not lessen once Prohibition was repealed in 1933.   This is something lawmakers seem not to know, or forget as soon as the current crisis passes, but a failed policy often (always?) has unintended consequences and even though the failed policy can be ended, the unintended consequences often will not go away.  That is certainly something that current lawmakers  would be well to understand.

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Pluto Conjunct US Sun

Probably one of the most vivid image of the Twenties is the Saint Valentine’s Day Massacre, where  seven people (but  not the intended target) were killed in Chicago in February of 1929, but that was only symptomatic of gangland killings that took place in the Twenties as businessmen attempted to protect their turf since the courts were unavailable to them.  The story of Al Capone is still popular since he epitomize the rise of gangsters in that era.

A more far-reaching symbol for Pluto is transformation,  and  this happened to the country, if not to its government.  Pluto also represents large-scale enterprises. During the whole decade a series of Republicans served in the Presidency, and one Secretary of the Treasury served the whole  period, Andrew Mellon, the third richest person in the United States.   During this decade the cult of the market grew strong, sort of a preview of what would happen in our own time after another Republican was elected President,  and worship of the stock market reached new heights.

In  the decade of the Twenties, America was transformed from a rural country to an urban country.  This  was the  decade in which a majority of the people started living in cities and no longer were farm dwellers.  As more people were in cities, automobiles really became popular.  There were many manufacturers of automobiles, especially General Motors, and they gave competition to Ford, who had ruled the roost since the introduction of the Model T before the Great War.  In the late Twenties Ford introduced the Model A to compete with the other manufacturers and it proved to be a great success, becoming one of the more popular models of the period.  By this time the infrastructure for automobiles — roads, gas stations, mechanics — had been developed and so America became a driving society.

There was also a sexual revolution in the decade, despite what people want to think of the Sixties.   Margaret Sanger had popularize  birth control and founded the Planned Parenthood Federation, though it was initially called something else. Women started smoking, something that had been relatively unknown in decades before, and drinking openly.  The image of the flapper is well know, and women began to bob their hair, something that had  previously been connected to prostitutes.

This decade was also the time that movies started to talk. The first talking movie is considered to be The Jazz Singer  starring Al Jolson and released in 1927.  This sounded the death knell for silent movies, and made the cinema even more entrancing. This movie was a full 90 minutes long, similar to what is found today.  Also in the Twenties commercial radio got started with news, entertainment, live performances and, of course, sports.  Just as the Fifties was the decade of television, the Twenties was the decade of radio.

The People Are Disturbed: Uranus-Moon

The symbolic meaning of the planet Uranus transiting over (conjunction, square, opposition) the Moon in the United States chart is that the people of the country (symbolized by the Moon) become upset, disturbed, shocked, perhaps even revolutionary.  If we look back through the history of the United States we can see this pattern in play; usually it results in the country going to war.

Now some may argue that the United States goes to war so often, at the drop of a hat, that any cycle could point to an agitation of the people.  And in fact I notice an agitation half-way between each of these points to be discussed, which hints at an eighth harmonic cycle.  But on reflection, each of these occurrences seem to be a really important incident.

After looking at these cycles through the history of the United States, the next obvious  question is when does the next one occur.  We will discuss that at the end.

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Afghanistan 2002-03

The United States had been attacked in September of 2001 and people were very agitated.  They wanted revenge.  The President of the United States, his Secretary of State, and many news outlets were helping to get the populace of the country riled up for war. Many compared the attack on the World Trade Center to the attack on Pearl Harbor, and were hoping for the same response.

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New Cold War 1980-81

People were unhappy with the “lack” of militancy of the Carter administration, especially after the  hostages were captured in Iran after their revolution, and especially after an attempt to rescue those hostages failed but resulted in the deaths of eight men sent to rescue the hostages.  So people were  primed for the new militancy of the incoming Reagan administration, and he did not disappoint.  Defense spending greatly increased under the new administration and a new Cold War was born, with increased hostility towards the Soviet Union.

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Cuban Missile Crisis 1961-62

This  was a peak in the Cold War.  Cuba had been invaded by a group financed by the United States in April of 1961 that had resulted in their capture, so passions on both sides  were inflamed.  Then in October of 1962 the Soviets attempted to put missiles in Cuba to protect it from another invasion by the United States.  The US then blockaded Cuba to prevent the missiles from arriving and the world was  on the brink of a nuclear war. Records released at a much later date showed that we were closer to war than anyone had known at the time, and one Soviet torpedoman who said “no” at a critical juncture was all that prevented nuclear missiles from being launched.

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World War II 1941-42

The  attack by Japanese planes on the Pearl Harbor naval station in Hawaii on December 7, 1941 really got the American upset at the Japanese and ready to go to war.  Previously to that attack the US was largely isolationist and did not want to have anything to do with the European War,  let alone an Asian one.  Of the three  exact squares of these two planets the second was on December 20, 1941, two weeks after Pearl Harbor.

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World War I 1918-19

Initially the Americans did not want to enter the war, but through clever propaganda from the Wilson administration the Americans became extremely pro-war, even replacing the name hamburger (named for a town in Germany) with Salisbury steak and sauerkraut with Liberty cabbage.  After the War some people were still agitated (the Revolution in Russia had just taken place) and there were bombings of public buildings, increased anarchist activity, and many raids of dissidents by Attorney General Palmer.

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Spanish American War 1896-97

As  discussed previously Americans were itching for a War with the Spanish over Cuba for several years,  not only to relieve the Cubans from their hideous Spanish overlords, but also to provide a boost to what was thought to be the falling manhood of Americans since the Civil War was in the distant past.  This buildup came to a climax with the explosion on the battleship Maine in the Havana harbor in February of 1898.

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Railroad Strike 1877-78

Eighteen Seventy-Six had seen the Centennial of the country, Custer’s Last Stand, and a contested presidential election that made Bush v Gore look mild.  The Panic  of 1873, which extended more-or-less for the next quarter century, resulted in some railroads lowering their pay for workers in the summer of 1877, while stockholders got bonuses.  As a result there was a nation-wide strike of workers called the Great Labor Uprising that saw scores killed by local, state, and federal militias.   The strike ended with no raise for the workers, but it resulted in increased labor solidarity and increased class consciousness among both workers and the burgeoning middle class, as well as increased animosity towards strikes among the owning class. There was also an opening Uranus-Pluto square that year, such as the one we are having this decade.

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Civil War 1857-58

The Fugitive Slave Law of 1850, which  required run-away slaves to be returned to their owners, the Kansas- Nebraska Acts in 1854, which essentially overturned the Missouri Compromise of 1820 and allowed all new states to determine if they wanted slavery within their borders, and the Dred Scott Decision in 1857 had  all occurred recently.  Because of all of these, abolitionist sentiment was running high in the North when John Brown made a raid on slaveholders in Kansas, killing five, and then made his raid on Harper’s Ferry in 1859.  Some think he was insane and some think he was a hero, but this act helped bring the Civil War.  John Brown was financed by a group of prominent New England abolitionists known as the Secret Six and supported by such people as Henry Ward Beecher, brother of the author of Uncle Tom’s Cabin and a prominent preacher in Brooklyn.  In  fact, many Southerners blamed the Civil War on Lincoln and the two Beecher children.

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Texas Revolution 1835

This was near the end of Andrew Jackson’s second term, and he was called by his opponents “King Andrew”.  Someone was really agitated about him since the first attempted presidential assassination occurred this year.  In Florida white settlers wanted  the land that the Seminoles had moved  to after losing the First Seminole War, one that was started by Jackson and which involved the murder of two English subjects and could have resulted in an international incident.  In this, the start of the expensive Second Seminole War, Jackson asked the Seminoles to move.  Meanwhile, gold was discovered on Cherokee land and they were forced to move so that the whites could get the gold. Meanwhile, down in Texas, at the time not a state of the US, Mexico had rebuffed an attempt by Texas to become part of Mexico, and so the Texans were in rebellion against Mexico.  The Battle of the Alamo took place the following year.

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War of 1812

Hints of the war started almost two decades earlier.  The French Revolution and the Napoleonic Wars  were happening, and the British, who were fighting the French, were keeping the Americans from trading with the French.  Americans were getting increasingly upset with  this, and Western voters elected a group of “War Hawks” to Congress to push for a  war with Britain.  The resulting war did not turn out  well for America, with Washington, D.C. burned, but  it did result in the National Anthem for the country.  The greatest victory of the war, by Andrew Jackson in the Battle of New Orleans, happened after the war had ended, but propelled Jackson  to become a war hero which resulted in his running for President in ten years.

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Whiskey Rebellion 1893-94

The farmers of the Western Frontier, which in the late Eighteenth Century meant Western Pennsylvania, were upset at a tax on distilled liquor, which meant mostly whiskey.  They were also upset that small distillers were taxed at a higher rate than large distillers. This was the first major rebellion against the federal government after the Constitution was adopted. President Washington and Alexander Hamilton led federal troops to put down the  rebellion, the first demonstration that the federal government would act to quash revolution.  But this activity of the Federalist govenment paved the way to a more democratically-oriented Jefferson Presidency.

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Revolutionary War 1773-74

The British had imposed  various levies on products that the colonists used, and many people were upset at this.   Agitations resulted in the Boston Massacre, where colonists were killed by British soldiers, and the Boston Tea party.  War broke out with Britain in the next year, 1775.

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The Next War? 2024-25

The next Uranus aspect to the US Moon comes up in 2024-26.  We have looked at this period before  and we will look at it again, since it is a very important time that we are rapidly moving towards, now only a decade away.  In the previous entry, I said this period — 2028 — would see the “nations of the world … finally decide that the global crises are so ominous that they need to band together in a  World War II-scale attempt to fight for the survival of the planet.”  This Uranus square Moon is the years just preceding this date of 2028.  It suggests that the people of the United States (not to mention the other people in the world) will be getting very upset at what has been  done to their planet by the forces of capitalism over the last 500 years.

World War One

This war started 100 years ago, and there is still controversy about the causes.  The proximate cause, which set the official date for the start of the war, is the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria and his wife in Sarajevo by the anarchist Gravilo Princip on June 28, 1914.  But there was much buildup  of armed forces in preparation for war at that time, as  well as much hope for peace.  As an example of the latter is the opening of the Peace Palace in The Hague in 1913.  Another question hovering around the edge of the debate is “was the  war inevitable?”  At this point most historians answer that question in the negative.

The world before the outbreak of World War I  was, in many ways, modern, as has been discussed previously.  At the time some people thought that war was possible, some people thought that war was not possible, and some thought that if war came it would last but a few months.  Perhaps the most accurate prediction was from a German general who said that the war would be as violent as the Thirty Years War (1618-48) but would last four years.  Since the Thirty Years War killed at least a third of the German population and laid waste to their territory, this German knew of what he spoke.

The major players in this war showed how incestuous European royalty was.  The leader of England was King George V (grandson of Queen Victoria); of Russia Tsar Nicolas II; and of Germany Kaiser Wilhelm II.  All were cousins, descended from Queen Victoria. Perhaps we should call this the Cousins’ War.  King George  and Tsar Nicolas looked so much alike they could have been mistaken for twin brothers.  By the end of the War, one of those cousins had died, one was no longer in power, and one had changed his name to Windsor, since anti-German feeling was high in Britain during World War I.  After King George V  died he was followed by his son George VI (after another son Edward VIII abdicated to marry the divorcee Wallis Simpson)   who was king during World War II. He was succeeded by his eldest daughter Elizabeth II.  So when you look at the Queen of England  you see a relative of the rulers of the World War I participants.  The year before the start of the war there was a big event — the social happening of the year — which was the wedding  of the daughter of Kaiser Wilhelm II in Germany.  All of the cousins   attended  the event, and people believed that with all the royalty of Europe together war could not possibly happen.

As we saw previously, the first decade of the Twentieth Century saw the growth of Modernism with cars, planes and movies, new types of painting and music.   This was abruptly altered when Pluto crossed the cardinal axis  and went  into the sign of Cancer.  Also, as mentioned previously, the start of the War saw a conjunction of Saturn and Pluto, never a good sign.

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World War One

The defining aspect for World War I  was the sesquiquadrate between Uranus and Pluto. If we look at the graphical ephemeris (harmonic eight) we will see that this aspect lasted the length for the war, going in and out of orb during the whole war. From the graphical ephemeris we see that the last time the aspect was close was shortly before the  war ended.  When the War started, Uranus and Pluto were within three degree of a sesquiquadrate and Pluto had just gone over the Cardinal axis (black arrow).    Then, about 10 month later was the first exact Uranus sesquiquadrate Pluto (red arrow); we will look at this chart later.  The last  exact Uranus Pluto sesquiquadrate took place at the end of 1917  (green arrow). Finally, the last close approach of the two planets (blue arrow) happened at the end of the War, reflecting the first close approach at the  start of the War.

The official end — the Armistice — was the eleventh hour of the eleventh day of the eleventh month in 1918.  This brought to an end the fighting , but the justice brought was so harsh  that it helped set the stage for World War II.

The old world — before the War — was no longer. Many things happened to change the world in ways that we are still dealing with.  The end of the War saw the end of a long lasting empire, the Ottoman Empire (started in the Fourteenth Century but it really took off with the fall of Constantinople at the Uranus Pluto conjunction of 1453) which fought on the losing side and was broken up to form the modern Middle East –Syria, Iraq, Lebanon, Jordan — which was created through the Sykes-Picot agreement.  Palestine was promised to the Zionist and, unfortunately  promised to the native people of Palestine as well.

Even though Britain was  on the winning side of the war, and still the major Empire at the time, the position of Britain as the number one power in the world was  over, and the baton was passed to the United States, even though neither realized it at  the time.

After delaying entry to the war for several years — President Woodrow Wilson campaigned in 1916 on “He kept us out of war” — the US entered the War in 1917. Also an influenza epidemic began in the military camps of the US and eventually spread around the world.  There is even some evidence that the outbreak of the epidemic in Germany  hastened the end of the War.  Either through the epidemic from America or the new force of Americans in the War, America helped to bring the end of the War.

After  his successful election in 1916, Wilson assembled a group of people, such as George Creel, Walter Lippmann, Edward Benays, and Harold Lasswell, to create propaganda to convince citizens that entering the war was necessary.  This set the template for  all future war campaigns and today we can witness the successful propaganda to goad us into war.  The public  relations industry was an outgrowth of the pro-war campaign.  One of the notable  achievements of this campaign was the Four Minute Men, who gave a pro-war speech from the stage before cinema performances.

Another event that helped prepare the United States to enter the War was the sinking of the cruise ship Lusitania on May 7, 1915.  At one time the biggest cruise ship, it was torpedoed by a German submarine off the coast of Ireland. The British claimed in was carrying no war supplies, but later it was revealed that it was and thus considered by the Germans as fair game.   The British, who were anxious to get the Americans into the War, used the sinking to inflame American passions.  America did not enter at that time — Wilson still had to  run on his anti-war platform — but this incident did have an effect when  it came to going to war after the election.

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Sinking of the Lusitania

In this chart, set for the same date as indicated by the red arrow in the graphical ephemeris, we see that the Saturn Pluto conjunction is almost exact at  0 Cancer.  The conjunction of Saturn and Pluto was exact 11 days later.  Also in this chart for the sinking of the Lusitania the Uranus-Pluto sesquiquadrate is exact within 4 minutes.

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Sinking of the Lusitania within US chart

But this event had special repercussions in the United States.   This next chart is for the same event, but as transits to the US chart.  Uranus is sesquiquadrate the Midheaven of the US (black arrow) and Pluto and Saturn are square the Midheaven (red arrow) so  the two transiting planets which are in an almost exact aspect to each other are also aspecting the MC of the US, and there was much public clamor about the event. In addition, transiting Neptune is sesquiquadrate the US Ascendant (green arrow)  and opposite the US Pluto (blue arrow), again pointing to the natal Pluto semisquare Ascendant that we have talked about before.  This aspect suggests some of the uncertainty and confusion about the sinking, which I pointed out previously in terms of the doubt about whether the ship was carrying war implements.  Finally we have Jupiter opposite Neptune and square Mars (yellow arrow) again emphasizing the confusion, the warfare, and the Mars Neptune square in the US chart.  So the US was strongly connected to the sinking of the Lusitania.

The predictions of the German general were borne out  — World War I was the bloodiest yet seen.   The introduction of the Industrial Revolution  into warfare  — which happened to a small  extent  with the Crimean and US Civil Wars — was fully incorporated into World War I.  About 16 million people were killed, with Austria-Hungry, France, Germany, and Russia suffering the most, with over one  million deaths each.   The sheer pointlessness of it all affected many of the poets and writers who survived the War to End All Wars.  Several imperial powers, the Ottoman, German, Austro-Hungarian, and Russian, fell as a result of the War.  This changed the map of Europe and we are still living with the consequences.