Birth of the Microprocessor

You are probably reading this on a device that has a microprocessor, which is the main processing unit of most computers used these days, including the one on your desk, in your lap, or in your hand.  Many of these use a CPU (Central Processing Unit) that is based on Intel architecture, whether or not it is actually “Intel Inside” as that company likes to say.  But in any case, there is a microprocessor in whatever computer you are using right now.  And in today’s world, computers are omnipresent, from the obvious ones in a laptop computer, to the not quite so obvious one in a smartphone, to the various “smart” devices that surround us from smart TVs to smart baby monitors.  But the point is that each of these devices has a microprocessor to give it its smarts.

Many people think that microprocessors have always been with us, or at least all of their lives, but they did come into existence at some point, and that is an important birth point to look at, since so much of the modern world has derived from that.

Electronic computers, when they were first born, operated with vacuum tubes.  Later on, in what is called the Second Generation of electronic computers, transistors were introduced to replace vacuum tubes, and the computers got smaller.  At one point minicomputers were introduced, such has the famous VAX of mid 1970s.  This was a fabulous 32 bit computer very popular in universities and industries at the time.

 

Eniac

 

 

Most people consider the Eniac as the first electronic computer.  It was manufactured in Pennsylvania and dedicated on February 15, 1946.  Here is a chart for the dedication (of course the birth was earlier) drawn for noon which seems reasonable, and also a chart for that time as transits to the US chart.  While Enaic was advertised as a “giant brain” at the time, it would have far reaching consequences on the USA and the world.  For the birth chart of the first electronic computer, we see a conjunction of Sun, Mercury and Venus, with the conjunction of Mercury and Venus very tight, within a quarter degree.  As we shall see later, this Mercury Venus conjunction is important, and indicates love (Venus) of computers (Mercury) to put it in simple terms.  Jupiter trines the Sun, suggesting that many benefits will accrue from this new machine.  A Full Moon is approaching, and was exact at about 11:30 that evening, indication of a culmination of some cycle.   Not a very impressive chart.

 

Eniac_usa

 

But there is one thing to note when we compare this chart to that of the US.  From the US transit chart, we see that the Sun — that day – is conjunct the Moon of the United States, representing the people.  This event would have great significance for the people of the country, though at the time few realized it.  But looking backwards, we see that this is indeed a seminal event.  One other aspect to notice is that the retrograde Mars is on the US sun.  Perhaps this means that the outcome of this event — introduction of electronic computers — would be long in manifesting.

But still no personal computer.  Minicomputers were smaller than the large mainframes that had dominated the industry before, but you would need a very large desk to hold one.  The birth of the desktop computer was  started with the introduction of the Intel 4004 microprocessor, and the story of its introduction shows how hard it is to get a birth date, let alone a birth time for this seminal occasion.

At the end of the Sixties a Japanese company asked the American Intel Corporation to develop a chip to run its new line of electronic calculators.  The result was a integrated circuit called the 4004, since it was a 4 bit processor.  Today most computers run with 64 bit processors.  The difference is that a four orders of magnitude bigger data size can address more memory and run faster.

Four bits is not really much to do any kind of real world processing, so the first microcomputers that are known used an eight bit processor.  The first was the 8008 (introduced April 1982 from Intel), followed by the 8080 (April 1974) which was better and more widely used.  Also popular was the Z80 (1976) developed by Zilog, a company started by the initial developer of the 4004.  Another chip popular at the time was the 8 bit 6502, developed by someone other that Intel.  The Z80 was used by the Radio Shack TRS-80 (hence the ’80’ moniker) and the 6502 was used by the Apple II.

The data I can find for when the 4004 was completed by Intel is sometime in late January 1971.  The head designer of this chip for Intel Federico Faggin (who later went on to found Zilog which made the Z80) found that he got the wafer of the chip at 6pm, as reported from an official Intel website.  Obviously they though it important if they gave the time, but unfortunately for us they did not give a date, other than January 1971.  So we have no date.  The Japanese company, called Busicom, got the intel 4004 in late March 1971.  I couldn’t find an exact date either.   But what turns out to be most important, and what we have at least a date for, is the time that Intel realize that this device — the 4004 — was a real life “computer on a chip” and could be used for many other things than running a calculator.  This event was an ad in the magazine Electronic News announcing that this chip was available.  That date was November 15, 1971, and the chart for that event (set at 12 noon, which seems fairly reasonable) actually has a lot to say. as opposed to the other possible charts.

 

4004-usa-better

 

Here is a chart for the transits for that date on the US chart.  The first thing I notice is Pluto at the Midheavern — transformation of the social and public setting of society.  I would say that is a pretty accurate description of the effects the “microcomputer revolution” has had on United States society . But notice also that Pluto is on the Cardinal axis at 1 Libra.  These effects would be on the world at large also.  Again, there should be no argument.  Jupiter is on the Ascendant of the United States on this day.  And it should be obvious that the developments of the microprocessor has led to the expansion of the (economic) power of the United States.  Of course, all other countries now have access to the microprocessor also.  But it is not just Jupiter: a triple conjunction of Mercury, Venus and Jupiter is at the Ascendant.  Mercury is communication and among other things computers; Venus shows the love (even obsession) we have with them; and Jupiter indicate that his love affair with computers (which wouldn’t be possible without microprocessors) is huge and possibly overpowering.  Also note that the Mercury-Venus conjunction in this chart is a bit tighter even that that conjunction in the Eniac chart.   Another aspect, not so obvious, is transiting Uranus conjunct the United States Saturn.  This shows how the forces of change (Uranus) are challenging the forces of the status quo — Saturn.  That was the start of the microprocessor revolution, at the tail end of the Sixties, more than 45 years ago.  It took a while for this revolution to fully manifest itself, but by the time that the Twenty-first Century came along, the revolution was clear.

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Zeitgeist Changes — Conclusion

As this series has shown, outer planet midpoints involving Uranus, Neptune, and Pluto represent what I call a Zeitgeist Change in the whole of world society.  The zeitgeist is the overriding spirit of the time, the often unconscious background upon which all actions play.  It is like the water a fish swims in, something that is so omnipresent that you are unaware of it.

The first midpoint of the Twenty-First Century will be special, one might even say extraordinary, for reasons listed in the paragraphs below.  I would suggest that because the midpoint is extraordinary the changes happening at this midpoint will also be extraordinary, special, something beyond what is normally expected at a zeitgeist change.

As we have seen, there are three types of outer planet midpoints: The most common type has Uranus or Pluto at the apex.  These alternate through the ages, occurring two or three times per century.  The second type is a grand trine type, with all three planets taking turns as the apex point, because the planets are all roughly trine and in signs of the same element.  This type occurs every 500 years, the last one being in the later Eighteenth Century — the Enlightenment Midpoint.  The third type, which also occurs once every 500 years, is Neptune as the apex; the last time this type occurred was in the first decade of the Sixteenth Century, which saw the world change drastically as Europeans discovered the other hemisphere of the globe.  As you might have guessed, this upcoming outer planet midpoint has Neptune at the apex.  From limited evidence, this type of zeitgeist change sets the scene for the next 500 years.

 

zcmp

Neptune Apex Midpoint

 

Most midpoints last about three years.  Of course you can extend this by giving a bigger orb, but with a reasonably small orb, say two degree, that is how long they last.  For example, the one at the end of the World War Two lasted 1944-1946 and the one at the end of the Seventies was 1978-1980.  But by using those same rules, this midpoint will last 2021-2029, a full nine years, as can be seen in the graphical ephemeris.  This is because of the motions of Neptune and Pluto; we’ve seen something like this before with the “long sextile” of Neptune and Pluto in the Forties, Fifties, Sixties , Seventies, and Eighties.  This happens because of the very eccentric orbit of Pluto so that for some times it travels inside the orbit of Neptune.

 

2025mptg

Neptune = Uranus/Pluto

 

Notice also that Neptune is at 0 Aries for two of those years. The cardinal axis is important to show events that effect the whole world, so a contact with the cardinal axis, and especially 0 Aries, marks this midpoint as very important, as if an exclamation mark were added to it.  The black horizontal line represents the Aries point, and you can see the path of Neptune and the Uranus/Pluto midpoint cross it near the vertical center line representing August 10, 2025.

 

zcmpsa

Saturn conjunct Neptune

 

Also notice that for part of the time that Neptune is at 0 Aries, Saturn is conjunct Neptune.  We talked about the Saturn-Neptune conjunction last time.  The previous conjunction was in 1989, at the time of the fall of the Berlin Wall.  This is the next conjunction, and to emphasize its importance, it is on 0 Aries.  A phrase describing this conjunction of Saturn and Neptune is, “Well, it was a good idea at the time”.  One wonders what ideas will be tossed aside under this important Saturn Neptune conjunction.  If there is a realization of a major ecological crisis at the time, as I have previously suggested, perhaps what will be seen to be no longer a good idea is the consumptive lifestyle of many Western nations.

But not only is this a long lasting midpoint configuration, but aspects are involved also.  We have Uranus trine Pluto, the opening trine from the conjunction of those two planets in the Sixties, Uranus sextile Neptune, and Neptune sextile Pluto, in what is often called a mini grand trine.  But as you can imagine, an aspect formation involving the three other planets is very rare.  If we don’t count conjunctions, there was an opposition, sextile, trine in 1538, a T-Square (also a midpoint) in 1567, a square, sesquiquadrate, semisquare in 1612, and opposition, trine, sextile in 1736, a grind trine in 1770 (also a midpoint),  and another square, sequiquadrate, semisquare in 1932 (see part 1 for details) but none were nearly as long lasting as this one.

 

2025asp

Mini Grand Trine

 

 

2025asptg

Mini Grand Trine Graphical Ephemeris

 

 

As we can see from this graphical ephemeris, this aspect configuration is also long lasting, running from (depending on orbs) from 2024 through 2029.  This graphical ephemeris is in the sixth harmonic, so when the lines are close together — conjunct — the aspect is happening.  The Neptune-Pluto sextile goes on even longer, to 2033 or so. This is the return of the long sextile.

From what has been written, it should be obvious that at this time all three of the outer planets change signs (and thus aspect the Aries point) and all three go into positive signs: Uranus goes into Gemini in 2025, Neptune goes into Aries 2025, and Pluto goes into Aquarius in 2023.  Books have been written about historic changes as a single outer planet changes signs: see for example The Astrology of Sustainability by J. Lee Lehman.  One can only imagine the impressive changes in store when all three outer planets change signs at the same time!

2025_asp_us

On US Midheaven

 

 

But the USA chart is also heavily involved with this midpoint, as the next chart shows.  That Saturn Neptune conjunction is opposite the MC of the US, and thus both Uranus and Pluto are trine the Midheaven of the US charts, the public image of the country.  And of course the Uranus-Pluto midpoint is on the MC of the US — more Uranus Pluto energy coming into the US!

 

us_tg2025

 

This graphical ephemeris shows how Saturn, Uranus, Neptune, Pluto and Mars come together on the United States Midheaven in early August 2025.  This represents a two year period, so you can see how the planets approach the US MC.  The solid horizontal black line is the Aries point, and right below it the dashed black line is the United States Midheaven.  You can see how Saturn (blue grey line — glyph at the bottom), Uranus (blue line), Neptune (violet line), Pluto (dark red line), and Mars (red line almost going vertical, since it has a period of two years) all come together on the US MC at the center vertical line representing August 8, 2025, the- same as the wheel chart shows.

But also remember the outer planets and the US chart.  We previously mentioned the Pluto return of the US, in 2022 and 2023.  This happens just as this midpoint configuration starts to kick in.  At about the same time there is a Neptune semi-return, where Neptune is opposed to its natal position.  Then coming up is a the Uranus return later in 2027 and 2028.  These returns of outer planets to their natal positions in the US chart indicate changes in that country.

 

 

And finally, we have Neptune crossing the MC axis when it is conjoined the IC in the US chart in 2025, and then Uranus crosses the Descendant in 2028, fulfilling once again the crisis aspects that previously have occurred five times in the US chart, corresponding to five crises that became increasingly severe.  This suggests a sixth crisis, larger than the first five.  But of course with all these other changes happening at the same time, this is baked in.

 

urdesc

Uranus Crosses the US Descendant

 

So it all adds up to major changes, the year of the jackpot, or the perfect storm.  I have given my ideas of what needs to change; looking around at the world, there is no lack of things that have gone on for far too long.  This midpoint configuration starts out in a few years, but it is preceded by other things such as the important Pluto return that I talked about a short time ago.  The future is coming at us, and few are prepared.

 

Change

 

Uranian sidebar

For those of you who use the eight hypothetical planets of Uranian astrology, there is something else that corresponds to what was said above.  Both Kronos and Hades cross the Sun of the US and shortly thereafter conjoin in this period of the midpoint, as is shown in the wheel and graphical ephemeris below.  Kronos can be described as everything above normal; Presidents usually have a strong Kronos because it indicates authority.  Donald Trump has Kronos at the Midheaven with either used birth time.  Hades can be thought of as representing disaster and also ancient wisdom.  Doctors who treat the very ill and astrologers have prominent Hades, as well as do the very ill.  The conjunction could in one interpretation be thought of as representing a very great disaster.  But a more positive interpretation is reaching new heights because of a disaster.  Notice that the conjunction of the US Sun by Kronos precedes the conjunction by Hades by two years.  Optimist that I am, I interpret this as the US will have two years to finally become an adult before the disaster hits it, and thus able to help the rest of the world when the conjunction of those two planets happens at the end of the decade . It’s all up to us.

 

hakrtg

 

This graphical ephemeris showing those two hypothetical planets looks a bit daunting.  On the left and near the top we see the light brown path of Kronos intersecting the dashed yellow line representing the Sun of the US near the black arrow.  This is 2021-2023.  Then, a little farther along, we see the darker brown line representing Hades intersecting the Sun at the red arrow.  This is 2024-2026.  Finally the two planets conjoin at the green arrow in 2029-2031.  On that same image we can see the mini-grand trine of Uranus, Neptune, and Pluto to the left of the center line, representing 5/16/2029, indicated by the blue arrow.

 

And finally here are three images of those three points of interest: Kronos conjunct the US Sun on 4/30/2022; Hades conjunct the Sun on 4/30/2025, and finally Hades conjunct Kronos on 4/20/2030, about five degrees beyond the US Sun.

Zeitgeist Changes – Part 6

Another important cycle to discuss is that of Saturn and Neptune.  That combination can be looked at in two lights.  Neptune is illusion and Saturn is reality, so the combination allows one to see the reality beyond the illusion.  Neptune has many positive meanings when talking about a human being, but when talking about a collective, such a a nation-state, it is very hard to manifest a positive meaning.  Since much of the world is governed by illusion, with Saturn connected one is able to break through the illusion and see the reality beneath.  But that is not always comfortable.  Illusion is much more comfortable, which is why we like to spend time with movies and television, an obvious example of illusion (and Neptune), to allows us to escape from reality.  Saturn and Neptune also allows one to renunciate worldly reality; Saturn and Neptune together allowing one to avoid worldly charms.

Some example of the conjunction of these two planets will make the preceding more clear when seen in the world and not in an individual person.  Richard Tarnas mentions that Saturn Neptune hard aspects often occur in the later stages of war.  We will see a few examples of that below.  One good phrase for Saturn Neptune is “Well, it seemed like a good idea at the time”.  In other worlds, the illusion that starting a war (or some other project, as in the first example) is glorious happens at the start.  Often propaganda (a Neptunian institution) is used to make the populace feel that everything will be great if we just have this war.  But after a few years of actual war, the reality of the situation sets in.  There is death and destruction and lack of progress.  What seemed like a good idea at the start now seems horrible.  Those realizations often happen under hard Saturn-Neptune aspects.  We will take a look at some conjunctions of those two planets.

 

 

berlin_wall_falls

Fall of Berlin Wall

 

The last conjunction of these two planets was in 1989.  The notable event of that year was the fall of the Berlin Wall, which had been built a Saturn cycle before (that is, it fell as Saturn was approaching its natal position, and still 14 degrees off); many Communist countries in Eastern Europe also dissolved at the time.  In fact, the fall of the Berlin Wall was just four days before the exact conjunction shown in the chart, on November 9, 1989.  For the German people, November 9 marks another important anniversary of an event 45 years earlier.  Kristallnacht happened on the evening of November 9, 1938.  This was a wave of pogroms in German that was a foreshadowing of the Holocaust to come in the next decade.  It is also called the Night of the Broken Glass since the shop windows of so many Jewish owned businesses were broken.

 

sane1989a

Saturn Neptune Conjunction 1989

 

French astrologer Andre Barbault has written a nice mini-history of the Soviet Union on the basis of hard aspect of Saturn and Neptune.  In this description, we will only touch on the conjunctions.  And obviously, we have started at the end of the complete cycle, with the fall of Communism in Europe, to followed by the end of the Soviet Union two years later.

 

 

SaNe1953

Saturn Neptune Conjunction 1953

The previous conjunction of those two planets was in 1953, about one month before the Korean War ended.  The Korean War started in June 1950 and was essentially won within a few months as the invading North Koreans were driven back across the border with South Korea.  But General Douglas MacArthur, the leader of the “United Nations ” troops, wanted more, and he drove into the North and up to the Chinese border.  MacArthur was fired by President Truman in April 1951.  The Chinese then fought against “United Nation’s” troops and the war became bloodier and longer than anyone had expected.  MacArthur wanted to use many nuclear weapons in the battle, and most towns and large buildings were destroyed in the North.  Americans pilots complained about no targets left to destroy.  Approximately 20% of the Northern population was killed.  Dikes were destroyed, and rice paddies were then flooded, a war crime when committed during World War II.  Many in the United States were getting unhappy with the war that was promised to be short, and when General Dwight Eisenhower ran for the President in 1952, he vowed to go to Korea to see what could be done about the War.  He went to Korea on November 29, 1952 shortly after he was elected President.  The war itself was ended in July 1953, though of course a peace treaty has never been signed with North Korea so technically the war has still not ended.

On March 15, 1953, about two months before that exact conjunction, Soviet leader Joseph Stalin died.  He had ruled the Soviet Union since the death of Lenin in 1924.  Soviet citizens had long suffered under the ruthless leadership of Stalin.  He was replaced by Nikita Khrushchev, who made a secret speech to the 20th Party Congress denouncing Stalin and his crimes, and instituted a policy of destalinization, which of course angered hard liners that had served under Stalin.  This policy lasted a few years until the hard-liners were able to regain some control.

 

SaNe1917

Saturn Neptune Conjunction 1917

 

There was another conjunction in 1917, a little over a year before World War I ended.  This was about four months after the US entered the War.  By this time there was widespread disillusionment with the war, which had started with such great hopes that it would be over quickly.  At the beginning, troops believed they would be home by Christmas of 1914.  In Russia, the Tsar had been overthrown, partly because of war-weariness, but still a major battle called the Kerensky offensive was started, named after the leader of the Provisional Government that had replaced the Tsar, and its failure led to the Russian army falling apart, the Bolsheviks seizing power in November, and the withdrawal of Russia from the war.  This caused some in Germany to think that the war should be ended now that a major force against them had disappeared.  In Germany, socialist Rosa Luxemburg led opposition to the war and was jailed because of that.  British lieutenant Siegfried Sassoon protested the war as being prolonged on purpose by those who could end it; many in combatant countries felt the same way.  Socialists attempted to hold a peace conference in Stockholm in July, but counties refused to issue passports for those wishing to attend.  In general, many were upset that the “War To End All Wars” hadn’t ended.  Again, the war started as seemingly a good idea but by the time of the Saturn-Neptune conjunction, many wanted the war to be over.

 

mexwareal

Mexican American War Starts

 

Here is chart for the start of the Mexican-American War in 1846, a war that saw the first anti-war movement in United States, with among other people a young Whig congressman by the name of Abraham Lincoln.  In this chart we see the conjunction of the two planets on the US Moon, representing the people of the US.  And the war was certainly controversial.  The Democratic President James Polk (a Scorpio) was all for expanding the United States, and the concept of manifest destiny had just become popular.  He sent troops beyond the border recognized by Mexico hoping for the response which he got.  But many people, including most of the Whig party, which was the alternative to the Democrats of Andrew Jackson, opposed the War.  The exact conjunction on 4/3/1846.  Despite the large number of people against the war, it went on with many questionable activities from the American troops.  This has been discussed in more detail in a previous post.  The war finally ended in February of 1848, and resulted in the United States adding California, Nevada, Utah, and most of Arizona and New Mexico, the biggest expansion of the country since the Louisiana Purchase.

So it appears that Saturn-Neptune conjunctions are positive in the sense that people turn away from bad circumstances, such as war; the problem was finally revealed but the bad circumstances were allowed to go on for a long time.

Zeitgeist Changes — Part 5

The Fourth Turning is a 1996 book by William Strauss and Neil Howe that was recently popular during the election of 2016.  It postulates a crisis for America soon, because previous crises have bedeviled America ever 80 to 90 years since the Revolutionary War.  As astrologers, that time period should ring bells, and in fact the cycle has extended longer than Strauss and Howe imagine.  As has been suggested by this blog, it is unfortunate that historians don’t know astrology.  If they did, they would realize that this pattern extends from before the Revolutionary War and corresponds to planetary periods.  By looking at the astrological pattern, we can see this cycle has been occurring since the nation was founded, and is getting more intense with each succeeding cycle.  The period of 80 to 90 years is one Uranus cycle and one-half of a Neptune Cycle.  Let’s look (again) at what happened every 80 to 90 years in American history.

 

starve1

Starving Time

 

The first successful colony in what has become the United States was in Jamestown in what is now the state of Virginia in May of 1607.  The Winter of 1609-1610 is called the Starving Time: Of the 500 residents of Jamestown in the Fall, only 60 were left by the time Spring rolled around.  Domestic animals were killed for food, and some cannibalism took place, as shown in (for example) a New York Times story about a current archaeological discovery on the James River.  A fleet from England did finally come, but it had only more colonists and not food.  In the summer of 1610 (July 7) as they sailed away, another ship with supplies came and they all returned to the colony, which then was firmly established.  This was the first crisis of America.  If we look at chart for November 24, 1609, that winter of the Starving Time, we see that Uranus is on the Descendant of the United States.  However, looking at the next chart for November 24, 1614, when Neptune first came to the Midheaven, we see that it is a full five year after the crisis, and so this does not seem to fit the pattern.  Of course, in this example the crisis only lasted a few months, not nearly as long as the others did.  Or perhaps since there was no government (represented by the MC axis) there was no transit of the MC.  Note that in this case the Uranus conjunction occured before the Neptune conjunction/opposition, but those two will exchange places over the cycles.

 

starve2

Starving Time 2

 

king_wm_war1

King William’s War 1

 

Several wars occurred in the early colonies, called in general the French and Indian Wars, since both were involved, and each war got a name in the colonies depending on who was the ruler of England at that time.  They had different names in Europe, since France was also involved.  Both France and England had colonies in North America, and the French were allied with the Native Americans, and those two overseas powers were involved in several wars to determine who would have possession of the New World.  Spoiler: England won and would become the dominant force in the world for 150 years.

In 1688, there was the Glorious Revolution in Great Britain that replaced the Catholic King James II (son of King Charles I who was executed in the English Civil War) with Protestants William and Mary from Holland.  Thus the first such war in America was called King William’s War, and it was fought in 1689-97 with England, France, the American Indians, and the American colonists.  This was about 80 to 88 years after the Starving Time, and from the chart we can see that Uranus was at the Descendant during the War, Neptune reached the IC of the United State (not yet born) in 1697, three months before the end of the war.

 

king_wm_war2

King William’s War 2

 

Eighty to ninety years later, after all the French and Indian wars had died out, and after the important Seven Years War (1756-1763), which saw England defeating France to become top dog in the world, it was time for the Revolutionary War, and sure enough those two planets were in their correct spots.

 

Rev_war2

Revolutionary War 1

 

The official dates for the Revolutionary War are from the Battle of Lexington and Concord (April 19,1775) to the surrender at Yorktown (October 19, 1781).  This first image is for June 23, 1777; that date is not, as far as I know, a stand out date in the Revolutionary War.  Notice that all three outer planets are near their birth locations.  This is not surprising, considering that this chart is less than a year after birth.  What the chart does show is that Uranus is passing over the Descendant and on this date is exactly opposite the Ascendant for the first time since birth.  Again, not surprising since the natal position of Uranus is close to the Descendant.  Whereas the Ascendant relates to the personal projection – a good synonym is persona – the Descendant is the opposite point, and indicates how we relate to the outside world.  In personal astrology, this often is used to refer to the partner or people one draws to oneself or open enemies.  In either case, it refer to energy coming to us from outside, which can easily be seen as a war which also comes to us.

 

rev_war_i

Revolutionary War 2

 

In the second chart, for November 23, 1778 we see that Neptune has come to the Midheaven of the United States.  The Midheaven refers to the way the country relates to the outside world or vice versa; one can see it as a public persona as opposed to the private persona of the Ascendant.  Perhaps this suggests that a war, which involves the government (MC axis) of the United States is always started under the illusion of good intentions and a peaceful outcome.

 

civil_war_i

Civil War

And 80 to 90 years after the Revolutionary War, along comes the Civil War, sometimes called the Second Revolutionary War, for different reason depending on which side the speaker is on.  The dates for the American Civil War are from the firing on Fort Sumter (April 12, 1861) to the surrender at Appomattox court house (April 9, 1865).  For the the Civil War there is only one chart, for March 11, 1862.  The war had started almost a year earlier.  We see both Uranus opposite the Ascendant as in the first Revolutionary War chart, and Neptune conjunct the IC (Imum Coeli –the Bottom of the Sky) of the United States chart, opposite the Midheaven.  This is about one Uranus cycle, 84 years, after the first chart.  The fact that Neptune is now opposite the earlier position (the second chart for November 23, 1778) is not surprising since the period of Neptune is almost exactly double that of Neptune.  Note also that since the natal Uranus is close to the Descendant and the natal Neptune is close to the Midheaven, these periods are also close to a Uranus return and a Neptune bi-return.  But we do see a pattern.  Notice by this time both Uranus/Descendant and Neptune/Midheaven axis aspects occur at the same time.  We will notice later that the Neptune aspect will occur before the Uranus aspect.

 

WW2_1

World War II 1

 

The dates for American participation in World War II – the Americans were definitely late to the party – is measured from the attack on Pearl Harbor (December 7, 1941) to the surrender of Japan (Germany had surrendered 4 months earlier) September 2, 1945.  One notices that the wars get larger – more participants and over a larger area — and more bloody over time.  Starving Time in Jamestown only lasted one winter and less than 500 people died, though of course by percentage of population it is very huge.  Compare that to World War II, which lasted for the Americans four years and less than 500,000 Americans died, though it was a world war and many people from other countries, especially the Soviet Union that bore the brunt of the German invasion, died.

 

WW2_2

World War II 2

 

Let’s look at the World War II charts.  The first chart is for November 5, 1942, the first time Neptune conjoined the Midheaven of the United States in this cycle.  Then the second chart for World War II for August 6, 1944, one year to the day before the dropping of the atomic bomb on the Japanese city of Hiroshima, the first pass of Uranus to the Descendant of the United States.  Also Neptune is very close – one degree beyond – the Midheaven.  This was again one Uranus cycle, and one-half a Neptune cycle since the Civil War.  The pattern repeats itself.  Notice how the Neptune aspect now takes place before the Uranus aspect.  The Descendant is where energy comes in to you from outside, and so Uranus on the Descendant suggests disturbance, upset coming into the country, like for example a war.  At least it was in the four cases we looked at.  Since we have only the United States as an example, and only five cases to draw upon, we can’t draw a definite conclusion.  But in every case there was, the correlation was exact.

What we have seen are five crises, starting at the birth of the colony at Jamestown and occurring every 80 to 90 years with increasing death, violence, and geographical spread, involving the United States.  The obvious question is when will this pattern happen next.  As you may already suspect, this is coming up soon, and this is one of several cycles that are coming due at about the same time.  We will leave for later the exploration of the exact date; but first, we must look at another cycle of great importance.

But how will the next turn of the Uranus/Neptune cycle manifest?  One might expect another war, even bigger than World War II.  This reasoning was what caused The Fourth Turning‘s notoriety during the election.   Several possibilities: Aliens from outer space will invade and the nations of the world will band together to fight them.  A bit fanciful, then perhaps it will be an asteroid that will be expected to hit the earth and the nations of the world will band together to fight it.  Or perhaps it will be a world wide fight between the 1% and the 99% since inequality will have become so much worse than it is now.  Several people consider the state of the United States so divisive and contentious – the term used is polarized — that a new civil war is expected to break out, so that is another possibility.  This period could see the Third World War, more horrible that the Second which occurred 84 tears before.  Or perhaps this will see the final collapse of the ecosystems of the world.  But since I’m an optimist (Jupiter conjunct Sun) my best guess is that the nations of the world will finally decide that the global crises are so ominous that they need to band together in a World War II-scale attempt to fight for the survival of the planet.  Of course it should have been done in the 1980s.  There is much more that needs to be said about this period, one of the most important of at least the 21st Century, but we need to have more background.  If this is the type of crises we will face in a few more years, it suggests that many things will happen between now and then to make the countries of the world think that that type of world wide response is finally necessary.  And they are, you need just to look around with eyes unblinded, which is difficult with the constant bombardment of information that we daily receive.  But the signs are all around, we just have to see them through all the chaff.

The Trump-Putin Summit and the Pluto Return

The meeting between United States President Donald Trump and Russian President Vladimir Putin occurred on July 16, 2018 and the reaction from the Anglo-American press (I have yet to become familiar with the press of other countries in this matter) was immediate, vociferous, and uniformly hostile.  Many called Trump’s acts treasonous.  The term “traitor” was bandied about frequently.  If we look at the chart of the US with transits of the time of the summit, we can shed a little light on why the reaction of the political classes were the way they were.

 

 

 

Here is a chart for 6:20 in the morning eastern time, which means it was 1:20 pm Helsinki time, the start of the summit.  Since the aspects we will be looking at are not terribly dependent on the exact time, timing is not important.  Three aspects stand out.

 

tr-pu_summit_correct

 

Saturn is opposite both natal Venus and Jupiter, and in fact Saturn is almost exactly (one minute of orb) opposite the Venus/Jupiter midpoint — black arrow.  Jupiter and Venus are conjunct, and both conjoin the Sun of the US in the natal chart; this triple conjunction is very important in determining the basic self image of the United States.  I’ve discussed this at length in an early post about the Virtuous Nation.  It is difficult to imagine a “nicer” conjunction than that of Jupiter (the “greater benefic”) and Venus the (“lesser benefic”) and since that conjunction is conjunct the Sun of the United States, the country’s sense of self and vital energy, and all the other characteristics of the Sun, are modified by Venus and Jupiter.  The United States has a self image as a beneficent noble country that started with the shining city on the hill, as John Winthrop (Massachusetts 1630) said of the United States, long before the country actually existed.  That line is from the Sermon on the Mount and has been used by many others, such as Ronald Reagan.  So we see that this Jupiter Venus conjunction is extremely important to the US self-image, and the county’s leaders are always shocked when other people do not believe or accept that self image.

But on the day of the summit Saturn was opposite those two planets, and exactly opposite the midpoint of the two planets.  Saturn and Venus/Jupiter are not exactly good buddies.  The placement of Saturn there casts a shadow on Venus/Jupiter, on that self image that America holds so closely to.  Saturn indicates a threat to the image that America is an exceptionally good country.  American does not like that!  That aspect suggests why the reaction was so rabid; deep down, the wonderful self image of the United States was threatened, and that is not good.

Notice that both an aspect and a midpoint are involved in this configuration, suggesting that it is stronger than if only aspects or only midpoints were involved.  We will see in a future post how this applies in other areas.

This next planetary configuration of importance also involves aspects and midpoints: Transiting Mars is sesquiquadrate natal Mars and natal Neptune (red, green arrow), and is exactly on the Mars/Neptune midpoint.  In the US natal chart, Mars and Neptune are square, with an orb of one degree.  This square is also very important to the behavior of the US.  Mars and Neptune are difficult planets together, and the square is probably the hardest of major aspects between the two planets.  Mars – Neptune suggests deceptive uses of energy, or more to the point for a country, the US is under a delusion that its use of energy, war — the most clear manifestation of Mars for a country — is always good, for obviously the US is the shining city on the hill which only has the best interests in mind when it goes to war.  There are many other things that could be said about this aspect, but that is a discussion for another time.  While the country believes that its action are of the highest moral purpose (Neptune), there is much delusion or incorrect belief about the real purpose of those wars.  If one delves truly into the motives and outcomes of various US wars, such as the Vietnam War or any war in Iraq, that is quite obvious.

With transiting Mars involved with the two planets and that aspect, much anger (another Mars term) is brought out.  Everything represented by that Mars-Neptune square is energized.  How dare anyone try to claim that the new Cold War between the United States and Russia (which of course is only due to the bad actions of Russia and the demonic Putin) is not fully warranted, journalists howl.  This is very threatening.  As former UK ambassador to Uzbekistan Craig Murray titles it on his blog, detente bad, cold war good is a current American mindset.

A third aspect of note is that the transiting Sun — representing the day of the event — is conjoined the natal Mercury, representing the press in all its many forms (blue arrow).  There was a Twitter explosion over this summit, and mostly invective.  The major mainstream media fell over themselves in condemning Donald Trump for his treasonous behavior.

A lot of this is the manifestation of Russiagate, the scandal that has engulfed Washington over the last two years.  At first I thought it would eventually die out, but it seems to be sticking around and is gathering even more energy.

Since Watergate, the scandal that brought down President Nixon, occurred during the closing semisquare between Uranus and Neptune, I had long though that the opening semisquare of those same two planets which we see now would see another Presidential scandal.  And I’m beginning to think that this extremely large scandal, perhaps the largest in American history will, when it resolves, be the basis of the Pluto Return of the United States.

As far as I know, no country with any type of constitution has survived long enough for a Pluto Return — the return to the natal position — at about 250 years.  Look at how often even England, not to speak of France or Italy, have formed a new birth chart because of a new government or Constitution.  But the United States keeps ticking along with the same old Constitution.  (For examples of how the Constitution, which is revered by many as almost the Ten Commandments, has been the cause of many of the problems that bedevil this country, see The Frozen Republic and The Velvet Coup both by Daniel Lazare.)  If you are over thirty, you realize how important the Saturn Return — when transiting Saturn returns to the place it occupies at birth — is to our own growth as an adult.  And the effects of the Saturn Return are noticed several years before the event.  I’ve known of marriages, divorces, and major moves that have happened in the run up to  the Saturn Return.  The Pluto Return is even more powerful.  And we will soon get to see one of the World’s first examples!

 

plret_tg

 

Here is a graphical ephemeris of the three and a half year period for the Pluto Return.  We see Pluto first comes close to its natal position in early 2021 (black arrow); the first exact conjunction is at the beginning of 2022; the last pass is a the end of 2023 (red arrow); and the last near conjunction is at the end of 2024, though of course that period could be extended.  I believe what we are seeing now will result in a major shakeup in the government, more powerful than what occurred after Watergate.

There are two basic theories of what we are seeing that is called Russiagate.  Either one is unprecedented in the history of the county.  And of course the people that are supporting either narrative differ from the standard Democratic-Republican or even left-right dichotomy that we usually see.  One side is backed by “Establishment” Democrats and Republicans, along with (of course) the intelligence services and all the media outlets, newspapers and television news channels.  The other side is backed by the “extreme” left and right along with corresponding blogs, since there are no mainstream outlets for such divergent voices. Also, several prominent experts in Russian history support this position, but of course they are never heard from in mainstream sources.

The official narrative goes something like this: The Russians conspired to fix our election of 2016 (along with many other elections and movements around the Western World) so that their chosen candidate would be elected, and that candidate likely colluded with them to do so.  Thus we have the President of the United States working for a foreign power.  When in the Fifties the John Birch Society, a conservative anti-communist organization, charged President Eisenhower with being an agent of the Soviet Union, most people laughed it off.  But this time all the press (Mercury), or at least the “prestige press”, are uniformly in agreement and in fact broadcasting the scenario.  To have an actual traitor running the government who is in thrall to a foreign leader is something no one believed would occur in this country.  Many are calling this the new Pearl Harbor or bigger than 9/11.  When the proof of this is final and that traitorous candidate is eliminated, a major shakeup in the government and in election procedures will occur.

The counter narrative has it that the Deep State (what I called the National Security State in a previous entry) conspired to put its chosen representative, Hillary Clinton, into the White House, and when the unimaginable happened and the candidate they were sure would lose became President, they conspired to prevent the current president from doing much and hopefully driving him from office, either through impeachment or other less sanguine means.  The whole Russiagate narrative is like a snipe hunt for America.  The Deep State has much practice in regime change for other countries, and now it is applying those techniques here at home.  This too is unprecedented and when it comes out that this is happening a major shake up of the United States government will occur.

So there you have it, two mutually exclusive scenarios, both of which are beyond what has happened to the American Republic since its birth and both of which will require major changes in the laws of the land and perhaps even the Constitution to prevent such a thing from happening again.  In either case we have a major shakeup coming, fitting exactly with the meaning of a Pluto Return.

Zeitgeist Changes – Intermezzo – a Polemic

I don’t know what the next zeitgeist change will involve, but I do know it will be a radical change, much bigger than the previous zeitgeist changes of the last 125 years.  In succeeding posts, I will give the evidence that this change will be bigger than that expected.  Since I am a human being, my personal preference is that the change be under human control and not something forced upon the world.  But that may not be possible.  As a society we need to grow up, to realize that we have reached childhood’s end.

In 1952 science fiction writer Robert A. Heinlein published story called “Year of the Jackpot”; then in 1997 Sebastian Junger published the novel The Perfect Storm.  Both these works of fiction deal with the idea that when several cycles crest at the same time, the result is greater than would normally be expected from any one cycle cresting, which results in the year of the jackpot or the perfect storm.  This is what the world will be seeing at the next zeitgeist change.

The next zeitgeist change may be several things, partly depending on your previous outlook on the world.  If you worship Google, then you might expect that The Singularity will occur, as predicted by Ray Kurzweil.  The Singularity is that time when AI (Artificial Intelligence) becomes so powerful that we all have to be worried/all our dreams will come true.  If you are into Near Term Extinction (Guy McPherson) this zeitgeist change will involve the death of the last human being.  Perhaps an asteroid will hit the earth, causing many deaths.  Perhaps there will be an invasion of the earth by an alien species, and they will enslave us or eat us.  We may see a major nuclear war, something which the National Security State seems to be hellbent on creating.  We can’t be sure of what the future holds, only that something big is coming down the pike.  But whatever it is, it will not involve self driving electric cars.

But what I think, paying attention to what is occurring on the earth, is that the changes will involve what is called climate change.  Since the zeitgeist change in the first decade of the Twentieth Century, cars have become more and more omnipresent.  Since the Great Acceleration started with the second Twentieth Century change at the end of World War II, we have been consuming more and more at an accelerating rate.  Then after the third zeitgeist change, this acceleration has increased yet again as the markets have assumed extreme power.

In regards to climate change, people split into two groups:  One group, called “climate deniers” maintain that there is no such thing as human caused climate change.  The climate may be changing, the say, but the climate has always changed.  The other group — call them “Climate Optimists” — says that the climate is changing because of man-made greenhouse gases, and we can stop this problem by replacing all the uses of fossil fuels — oil, gas, coal — with electricity that is generated by solar panels, the wind, and nuclear reactors.  Being children of the Enlightenment, they think that technology will save us, after causing many of the problems that plague us.  The writer Naomi Klein says that the first group — climate deniers — has a better grasp of the realities of the current situation than the second group.  The deniers realize that if man-made climate change is real, to combat it will require a major change in the way we live, in the alteration of our best loved institutions, such as capitalism, and those threats are so great that they must deny that the climate is changing.  The other groups imagines that some tweaks to the current system, such as elimination of fossil fuels, will change our system enough to avoid catastrophe and then we can continue with our system of growth and consumption.  It is said that most people are for combating climate change if they do not have to change their lifestyle, an example of climate optimism.  So we have a choice between the ostrich method of hiding one’s head in the sand, or moving the deckchairs on the Titanic.

But climate change is not the problem, it is only a symptom a a much larger problem: that problem is overshoot — see William Catton’s book of the same name.  An example of overshoot is when the Road Runner chases Wile E Coyote off the edge of a cliff — he has overshot the cliff literally.   But the coyote does not realize the problem until he looks down.  We haven’t looked down yet.  Overshoot means we have gone beyond the bounds of a finite earth in terms of resource use and waste disposal.  The point of 100% use was achieved in the early Eighties, and at that time, instead of trying to cut back and limit our use we stepped on the accelerator and increased our usage to a greater degree than had been the norm to that time.  Perhaps the tepid solutions suggested now would have had a chance of working if tried in 1980.

Nodal Problem.

What the world society has now is what I call a Nodal Problem.  The nodes of the moon – those points where the moon’s orbit crosses the sun’s orbit — the ecliptic — are symbols used in astrology with widely different meanings.  One of the most used is in the discussion below.  The North Node — also called the head of the dragon — is where we get our sustenance, and the South Node — the tail of the dragon — is where we expel wastes.  In physics these are considered as a source and a sink.  We have had a Jupiter problem at both ends of the nodes, using too much of everything and producing too much garbage.  Earth’s people, and most obviously Americans, have acted as though there is an infinite source and an infinite sink.  We have trashed the earth.  We are about to see a Saturn problem at both ends of the Nodal axis.

The list in the following paragraph consists of a few examples of the overshoot overtaking us that have crossed my attention recently.  Daily headlines will always add more details, and there are many more instances that could be used.

The last few years have seen the deaths of large number of mammals and even greater percentage of flying insects, what is being called the Sixth Extinction (see Elizabeth Kobert’s book of the same name).  Every since the late forties when their use began, the world has seen increasing use of pesticide (which kill pests) and other poisons on our food crops.  And while there have been fewer pests, there have also been fewer beneficial insects such as bees and butterflies.  As a result of the deaths of insects — remember when a journey of a few hundred miles would result in a car windshield covered with dead insects — birds, which eat insects, have suffered massive declines.  The results of out massive use of plastics has been well documented.  It has been said that all seafood contains plastic, and that plastic ends up in you when you eat the seafood.  There are cases of whales dying because there are so many plastic bags in their gut.  But there is also overfishing of the oceans, which has been going on for some time, but with new, more industrial ways of harvesting the oceans, more fish are dying accidentally, and more fish are harvested for food for humans, resulting in a dieback of the oceans.  If you read stores of how thick the fish were just a few centuries ago, and compare it to now, you will be shocked by how much has changed.  Meanwhile, on land, humans are spreading out to cover more and more of the earth.  This results in lack of areas for birds, insects, and mammals, and the closing of corridors that large land based animal need to get from one place to another.  And there is an increasing lack of water, as the ground water is depleted and there is less snowfall in the winter, and of topsoil, which is vitally needed for growing food, which is being used or blowing away, partially because of  bad farming practices.  Everyone now has myriad toxic chemicals in their bodies, and even newborn babies have such chemicals.  Not only do automobiles spew poisons in to the atmosphere, but tire dust is put out as the car moves along, and the amount of pollution from tires is greater than the amount produced by the internal combustion engine.  It has been estimated that for the amount of iron produced by one apple in 1950, by 1995 25 apples were needed, and by 2015 36 apples were need, as the nutritional level of food decreases because of global warming and increase use of toxics on food.  We have nuclear pollution that also needs to be cleaned up, from Handford Washington to Fukushima Japan.  And rapidly expanding is the threat of electronic pollution, from smart electric meters to 5G networks.  And of course there is an increase of greenhouse gases because of automobiles and the raising of cattle, among other things.

William Ruckelshaus was head of the EPA under Richard Nixon and Ronald Reagan.  He proposed the following solution in an article in Scientific American 1989.  This was back in a time when Republicans were to the left of the Democrats of today.  Both Noam Chomsky and Michael Moore have called Nixon the last liberal president.  As neoliberalism started, the Republicans moved to the right, as Republicans are wont to do.  The Democrats, instead of arguing from principles of Roosevelt and Lyndon Johnson, agreed with the Republicans but wanted their ideas to be more moderate.  Thus the center of discourse in the United States moved to the right.  And that action was repeated over and over again, with the result that those ancient Republicans are seen as liberal, a once prominent feature of the Democratic Party.  In fact, in recent primaries, Bernie Sanders of Vermont captured much following because he was still a liberal (though technically not in the Democratic Party), a species that used to be found often in that party.  Just as a thirsty man will drink brackish water, the voters gravitated towards Sanders.

What Ruckelhaus proposed was the need for a Sustainability Revolution, like the Agricultural (Neolithic) Revolution about 10000 years ago, and the Industrial Revolution about 300 years ago, though this time under human control and in short period of time.  This is neither a new idea or a radical one, or at least not in the last century.

The current American lifestyle is not sustainable, but no one dares to say it.  And many people are frustrated because they can not have the American lifestyle that they feel is owed them.  It is very difficult to tell these people that that style of life is no longer attainable.  And consider that if you make at least $30,000 annually in the US, you are in the top 1% of the world.  And the other 99% want a better lifestyle, something closer to the American ideal.  Are they to be told to shove it, that we Americans have already used of all the available resources and then some?  That will not make most people happy.  So it should be clear that restrictions need to be made.  Perhaps American need to return to the standard of living that was enjoyed in the Seventies and that which is enjoyed by the Europeans.  It is easier to reach sustainability if society is more equal (see discussion of the book The Spirit Level, mentioned in the last post).  This is similar to the process during World War II, when it was necessary to limit the upper income people so that other people would feel better about limiting their lifestyle for the war effort, since many felt that if the rich people were allowed to increase their income, those who are not among the wealthy would not like to limit their life style.

Another thing to note, which is referenced in the title of this blog, is that we are coming off a 500 year party that started around 1500.  As this party evolved, which opened up more of the earth to partying, and used more and more resources, and produced more and more trash, more joined in the successful party.  As pointed out previously, the three zeitgeist changes of the twentieth century increased the partying even more.  After a party, it is necessary to clean the party grounds and dispose of the trash.  The other thing one must do is replenish supplies.  We will see that the next zeitgeist change is one that only occurs every 500 years.  Indeed, the Party is Over and we need to grow up.

Zeitgeist Changes – Part 4

There were two main changes in the world with the third midpoint of the Twentieth Century, and we are still living fully with the repercussions of those changes, as well as those from previous times.  One thing that you will notice is that there is no major art movement that corresponds to this third zeitgeist change, unlike the first two.  This is, I believe, because now Art (with a capital A) is a big business.  The major change that occurred at this time — 1978-1980 — was the rise of neoliberalism.  One can not judge anything happening in the world today without accounting for the neoliberalism that rules everything.

Neoliberalism is the doctrine that the markets know all, that only the market is fundamental.  I call neoliberalism Markets Uber Alles, that is Markets above all, reflecting the sayings of the Nazis (Deutschland Uber Alles) and the punk rock group the Dead Kennedys (California Uber Alles).

 

midpoint1979

Third Zeitgeist Change of Twentieth Century

 

Here is the third midpoint between the three outer planets.  In the exact midpoint for September 10, 1979 we see that each of the three planets is at the same degree in consecutive signs, so that Neptune and Pluto are sextile and Uranus is semisextile the two other planets.  Since this is not only a midpoint configuration but also important aspects are involved, the configuration is stronger than if it were just a midpoint.  By inspecting the graphical ephemeris, one can see that, depending on the orb you allow, this midpoint configuration lasted at least from late 1977 to late 1980, which saw the election of Ronald Reagan as President of the United States.  The Uranus-Pluto midpoint is indicated by the reddish line which is intersected by the blue line of transiting Uranus in the top half of the chart.

 

 

1979tg

 

 

Neoliberalism leads to privatization and austerity, which increases inequality; this has main effects on all of the population both rich and poor.  Inequality causes increasing stress among the people, resulting in more gun deaths and racial discrimination, worry about jobs and anger at immigrants.  Now, after 40 years of neoliberalism, things have changed drastically and we don’t remember what came before.  More and more power has devolved into private hands; there has been so much austerity that people are feeling the stress and act in destructive ways, both to themselves and others.  What was once thought as the commons is increasingly controlled by private power.  In several places water, which was once thought as a right of all, is controlled by a business.  Deregulation strips rules that govern the behavior of corporations, since the corporations know best.  Carter started this out with deregulation of the airline industry and the long distance truckers.  We have the greatest percentage of homeless since the Great Depression, and the current wave of homeless started appearing in the early years of the Reagan administration.

Another thing that Carter did that helped get neoliberalism started, even though it cost him the 1980 election, was to appoint Paul Volker head of the US Federal Reserve in July 1979 and Volker soon changed the monetary policy of the country, resulting in bad economic conditions that doomed the Carter presidency.  This policy was carried further on by all succeeding Presidents.

Back in the Twenties, an Italian encyclopedia defined fascism as corporatism, which is the definition that Mussolini adopted for his meaning of fascism.  America is now totally in thrall to corporations, organizations that in early America were chartered by states for a specific purpose, but now are seen as the dominant business form.  Corporations are people, which was “decided” (see this previous entry for the reason of the double quotes) by a Supreme Court decision in 1886, and has only been strengthened by later decisions, such as Citizens United v FCC.  Businessmen and CEOs are heroes of society these days — look at the adulation given to Elon Musk — and it is surprising that it has taken the country so long to elect a businessman as President.  Perhaps neoliberalism is just a further stage of fascism.

Here are some of the signs along the way in the rise of neoliberalism: Margaret Thatcher, the storekeeper’s daughter, was elected Prime Minister of the United Kingdom 1979, and brought neoliberalism to that country with increasing austerity that has never gone away.  She served as a good partner for Ronald Reagan, elected 18 months later, to remake the world in the vision of neoliberalism.  Her motto was TINA — There Is No Alternative.  And she certainly remade England, with her crushing of a coal miners strike being only the most obvious example.  And governments after Thatcher, either Tory or Labor, followed the Thatcher formula.  Even now Britain’s National Health Service, a beacon for the world, is being dismantled and replaced by private practice.  Then Ronald Reagan was elected in the United States, as a perfect complement to Thatcher, and he helped move the neoliberalism agenda (“the problem is government”) along, and all Presidents after have also helped move neoliberalism forward.  In California a referendum was passed in 1978 called Proposition 13, which limited property tax increases and has prevented California from getting enough money to do many things that it wanted.  Passage of this had profound implications for the state, and was a trendsetter for the country.  The major effect of this act was to limit property taxes in the State of California, which hampered the construction of new schools, among other things.  The act also required a two-thirds majority of both houses of the state legislature to change the state taxes.  Since it was difficult to get such a majority in both houses, there became less and less money for such things as education, both for public schools and the state university system, which had been relatively inexpensive for residents and had been renowned for its quality.  Both those things disappears in the aftermath of the passage of this act.  Remember the leader in China that took over in 1978 after Mao died: This man, Deng Xiaoping, is reputed to have said that to get rich is glorious, which is certainly a neoliberal motto, and after that Communist China became a capitalist power.  Notice now how many things are made in China that used to be made in the United States, and how few things are still made in the United States.

 

urne1

The Nineties

 

But neoliberalism did not really get going at full speed until the election of that first baby boomer president, Bill Clinton, and the important conjunction of Uranus and Neptune in he early Nineties, which saw the rise of Financial Capitalism.  In the graph below, you can see that sometime in the early Nineties profit from manufactured goods was surpassed with profits from financial services for corporations.

 

dsc_0129b

 

 

I often think that the Nineties were as important as the Sixties, but they don’t get the credit.  I have an blog post about the Nineties in the works now.  But the Nineties did not have as great a soundtrack as the Sixties.  The Nineties saw the popularity of the Internet, in the guise of the World Wide Web, soar to heights, as well as the rise of financial capitalism.  The aspect indicating all this was the Uranus Neptune conjunction.  In the chart for an exact conjunction of those two planets in September of 1993, notice that in addition to the conjunction Saturn is square Pluto, often a nasty combination, and that the Uranus-Neptune conjunction is square a Mars-Jupiter conjunction.  Much happened at this time. From the graphical ephemeris we see that while the conjunction was tightest in the period 1992 through 1995, it lasted the whole decade of the Nineties.

 

urne1_tg

 

Here are a few graphs that show the effects of neoliberalism on America.

 

wealth-inequality

 

 

The first graph shows the percentage of total wealth held by the top 1% and the bottom 90% of the US population starting in 1962.  You can see that the amount held by the upper 1% decreased until the late Seventies, exactly when neoliberalism started to take over, and then their share started to increase.  The share for the bottom 90% reached a plateau in the Eighties, and then started to decrease.  In the following years, the two lines are increasingly separating.

 

wealth_dist

 

The next graph reinforces the impressions left by the first.  It shows the wealth of the bottom 90% and the upper 0.1%, that is the upper tenth of the upper 1%.  Again it shows the wealth of the upper 0.1% falling until the late Seventies and then increasing, while the wealth of the bottom 90 % increased until the middle Eighties and then started falling.  As of the last year available for this graph the parentage of wealth for the two groups has almost crossed.

 

income_growth

 

This next graph shows the income growth in 1980, before neoliberalism really took off, and in 2014, after the full effect of neoliberalism had happened.  In 1980, most of the income growth went to the poorest people, those who really needed it.  In 2014, the poorest actually lost income (ie negative income growth) and most of the income growth went to the very, very rich.

 

gini-index-usa

 

Finally here is a graph of the Gini coefficient, the standard measure of income equality. Normally Gini is a number from 0 to 1, but sometimes to avoid decimals it is from 0 to 100.  With a Gini of 1.0, one person has all the wealth (and that person is probably named Jeff Bezos) and with a Gini of 0 the wealth is spread equality to everyone.  Thus decreasing Gini means less inequality, and increasing Gini means more inequality.  We see from this chart that Gini decreased until the late Fifties and then, except for some blips, remained low through the Sixties and even early Seventies, but after that started to take off.  We haven’t reached the heights of Gini we had in the Thirties, but there is still time.  The most unequal country, of modern developed countries, is the USA, far beyond (or below) others, followed by Portugal and Britain.

The effects of increasing inequality are immense, and essentially they destroy society.  There is more violence, racism, teenage pregnancy, mental illness, and everyone is affected, not just those at the lower income.  There are so many changes caused by inequality that a book is needed to document them all, and in fact such a book was published in 2010: The Spirit Level: Why Equality is Better for Everyone by Richard Wilkinson and Kate Pickett.  This is the standard reference for the problems caused by inequality, which has increased because of neoliberalism.  And to add insult to injury, those who are at the upper levels of income condemn those people who act out because of the effects of inequality, calling them such names as “deplorables” and “black predators”.

Another inequality phenomena seen in America is that the average lifespan has decreased for two years running.  Normally, life expectancy always increases, unless something very large happens, such as a major war, depression, or for example in Russia when the Soviet Union fell.  Many of the increased deaths that caused the average life span to fall were suicide, alcoholism, or drug overdose (the opioid crisis).  These are all “deaths of despair”, and despair has certainly increased with the ravages of neoliberalism.

 

bearsterns

Bear-Sterns Collapse

 

In the period 2007 through 2009 the world experienced a major financial meltdown called the “Great Recession”.  One signal of that meltdown was the collapse of Bear Sterns, a chart for which is above.  The most significant indicator of this meltdown was Pluto transiting over zero Capricorn, which has been discussed before.  One would think that such a failure of neoliberalism would indicate that major changes were needed.  And one would be wrong.  An incoming President oversaw the transfer of much money to the financial institutions that caused the crash, and very little to the people truly hurt by the crash.  The joke at the time was “Where’s my bailout.”  And unlike the Savings and Loan crisis of the late Eighties, where hundreds of bankers were put in jail, this time no one was imprisoned.  Truly neoliberalism is now much more dominant than it was in the late Eighties; when you don’t solve an obvious problem but rather patch it up, there are only more problems once the patch falls away, and we know this from our own lives.

 

ploppussu

Revolt Against Neoliberalism

 

There was a revolt against neoliberalism and the results of the financial crash in the second decade of this century, illustrated by these charts.  Transiting Pluto was opposite the US Sun at the the same time as the opening square (from the conjunction of the Sixties) of Uranus and Pluto.  Thus at the same time as the opposition, Uranus was square the Sun of the United States.  This is even more obvious from the graphical ephemeris, were you can see that Pluto is opposite the Sun (gold dashed line) from 2013 to 2016.  In fact, the last close opposition is just before the election of 2016.  Upon seeing this before the 2012 election, I said that whichever party won the 2012 election would lose the 2016 election.  Whichever party held the Presidency during the Pluto opposition would be so disgraced by the time it was through that they could not hold the Presidency.  The Sun represents the government and the President.  The previous time this aspect happened was before the American Revolution and the Sun represented the King in England.  It was a time after the Seven Years War and Britain was laying taxes on the colonies in order to pay for that war, things such as the Stamp Act and the Tea Act.  The colonists were not happy and the American Revolution eventually resulted.

 

ploppsu_tg

Pluto Opposite US Sun

 

The other big change under this third midpoint was the birth of Islamic terrorism, which did not really exist before this period.  After Carter’s national security advisor Zbigniew Brezheniski (died May 2017) got the CIA to stir up trouble in the Soviet aligned government of Afghanistan (still considered the best government among those in the country that remember it) the Soviets invaded and the US and Saudi Arabia trained the mujahideen fighters to combat the Soviet invasion.  The mujahideen were guerrilla fighters from various Muslim counties, at first Afghanistan, and they often fought non-Muslim invaders.  Al Qaeda (which means the Base) was developed from that group of which Osama bin Laden was a member.  From those early terrorist groups, all the modern Islamic terrorists are descended.  When these terrorists groups — and that is what they were, even though they were funded and supported by the United States and Saudi Arabia — had driven the Soviets from Afghanistan, they turned to other opponents, such as when the United States set up troops in Saudi Arabia under the first George Bush.  This is no secret, since Brezheniski bragged about it to a French newspaper, and a British newspaper interviewed Bin Laden when he was fighting the Soviets.

At the same time — 1979 — a group of insurgents attacked a mosque Mecca, the holiest city in the Muslim world and called for the overthrow of the Saudi government.  As a result of this attack, the government of Saudi Arabia decided to more support the extreme branch of Islam call Wahhabism, though it had already been a dominant doctrine in that country.

Also in this period there was a revolution in Iran, in which the Shah — who had been installed in 1953 by a coup organized by the US and UK — was overthrown in a revolution from the religious leaders of Iran and many Americans were held hostage.  This started the long antagonism between the rulers of American and Iran, a dispute that we can see played out currently.

In early 2001 a book was published by scholar Chalmers Johnson called Blowback, which predicted that all this support of terrorist activities would blow back on the sponsors of such terrorists.  The book was mostly ignored until the 9/11 attacks happened a short time later, when suddenly Johnson was praised for his prescience.

And of course blowback is what we are facing now, with for example the group ISIS or Daesh.  One can expect even more blowback from the actions of many countries in their attempt to overthrow the government of Syria, which currently seems to be the hot spot of the world.

But remember, all of this flows from the actions of a certain government in Afghanistan in 1979.  One wonders how many deaths, destruction, and refugees have resulted since.

So here we are forty years into the neoliberal experiment, and with the “War on Terror” (first announced by Ronald Reagan, though this is often forgotten) taking place in many countries, mostly in the Middle East.  People tend to forget how much has altered with this third zeitgeist change and they assume that things have always been as they are now, and will always be the same only more so.  They don’t realize that another zeitgeist change is coming, and that it is not that far off.