Zeitgeist Changes – Part 2

The first decade of the Twentieth Century was filled with many important aspects: The first was the Neptune-Pluto conjunction of the early 1890s; then Uranus opposite Pluto and then Uranus opposite Neptune; Neptune cardinal, then Uranus cardinal and finally Pluto cardinal.  But in the midst of this was Uranus at the midpoint of Neptune and Pluto 1901-1907.  This was  the first zeitgeist change of the Twentieth Century.


Uranus at Midpoint of Neptune and Pluto


Now, living under the fruits of Modernism, the revolution in the early part of the Twentieth Century, we forget how revolutionary the changes of that period were to those accustomed to the relatively slow-paced life of the Nineteenth Century.  No one is alive today that remember those days.  And what a revolution it was.  Automobiles became increasingly poplar among people who were not wealthy, allowing people to move around at much higher speed than had previously been available for most. Electrification of urban areas allowed the use of nighttime hours, which had only been illuminated by oil or gas lamps.  Cinema was changing people’s perception of life by allowing scenes that had only been seen by few to be seen by many for only a small price.  Some art became totally abstract, and other art was somewhat representational but still widely different from conventional life.  Music took strange atonal paths.  And two great breakthroughs in science — special theory of relativity and quantum mechanics — changed the strictly mechanistic sense of the universe forever.  In psychology, people learned that human motivations was often pushed by unconscious forces that where not imagined previously.  And of course the introduction of the first mechanical airplanes were to change the world forever.  What follows are a few highlights of the revolutionary changes at the beginning of the Twentieth Century.

The first Russian Revolution took place in 1905; it wasn’t successful and made the Russians even angrier.  Then, after the disastrous World War I, they fought the second Russian Revolution of 1917, which was successful.

The Emperor of China, Puyi, who was the twelfth ruler of the Qing Dynasty, served as a child emperor for a few years.  A film was made about his life in 1987.  Born in 1906, he ruled from 1908 to 1912.  He was not only the last emperor of his dynasty, but in fact the last emperor of China.  The Twentieth Century was encroaching on China.  By the end of that century, China would be a place unrecognizable to Puyi.

The NAACP – then called the Niagara Movement, so called because the forming members were not allowed to eat in a hotel in the United States so they had to meet on the Canadian side of Niagara Falls – was formed in the United States in 1905.

The International Workers of the World, commonly known as the Wobblies, were formed in 1905 with the intent to be One Big Union.  They wanted all workers to join together to form a union, and were on the forefront of radical labor action, for which they paid a high price.

An Indian lawyer in South Africa by the name of Mohandas Gandhi, promulgated his doctrine of non-violent protest, called Satyagraha, on September 11, 1906.  This is often referred to as “the first 9/11” but has a much different meaning in history than what the phrase “9/11” usually refers to.  He later moved back to India where that doctrine changed the government.  His doctrine was also adopted by Dr. Martin Luther King in the United States, with far-reaching repercussions.

There were anarchist and syndicalist movements forming all around the world, such as in Korea, China, Japan, Mexico, Puerto Rico, Cuba, Peru, Brazil, Argentina, Egypt, and South Africa.  Details of this international anarchism are found in the book Anarchism and Syndicalism in the Colonial and Postcolonial World 1870-1940 edited by Steven Hirsch and Lucien van der Walt.

In America in 1904 there was one of the biggest ecological disaster that had ever happened in that country.  In that year started a chestnut bight that destroyed an estimated 3.5 billion chestnut trees in the country.  The cause was a fungus imported from Asia.  By the time the Great Depression hit America in less than 30 years the people of especially Appalachia were hit by this lack of food and lumber.

In the realm of science, two major theories were developed in this period which revolutionize science and our concept of the Universe, which up until that time had been based on theories of Issac Newton in the Eighteenth Century.  In the very small quantum mechanics was developed by Max Planck, Niels Bohr, Werner Heisenberg, Albert Einstein, and others.  In the very large the Special and General Theories of Relativity were developed by Albert Einstein with help by Max Planck and others.  Both these theories had profound implications and brought science beyond Newtonian physics.  And in 1912 the meteorologist Alfred Wegener developed theory of continental drift, which was immediately rejected only to be accepted a quarter of a century later.  The theory was first suggested in the late 16th Century under a Uranus-Pluto conjunction. Also in the first decade of the Twentieth century scientists like Henri Becquerel, Ernest Rutherford, and Marie Curie made discoveries that laid the foundation for the atomic bomb.

But there were also big changes in our concept of the interior world, lead by Sigmund Freud and Carl Jung, who first communicated in 1906.  There were many others developing the new fields to explore the mind, such as psychoanalysis and psychotherapy.  The concept of the subconscious and the interest in analyzing dreams were just two of the ways their ideas changed the world.




Les Demoiselles d’Avignon


Nude Desdendnig a Staircase No.2


Improvisation-x Kandinsky


Picture With White Form – Kandinsky


Samovar – Malevich


Suprematism Eight Rectangles – Malevich


Dynamism of a Car – Luigi Russolo

The art world also saw a big burst of change.  The Spanish artist Pablo Picasso and the French artist Georges Braque were starting their careers which would lead to the school of Cubism.  Picasso’s painting Les Demoiselles d’Avignon from 1907 shocked and scandalized the art world.  Also at this time an artist who is considered one of the best of the Twentieth Century, along with Picasso, was at work. This was Henri Matisse.  Marcel Duchamp, who later would be famous in the world of Dada, created the painting called Nude Descending a Staircase, No. 2, which was shown in 1912.  In Italy the movement know as Futurism was developed.  The artists of this school were enchanted by the speed of cars and planes, of the new world forming at the beginning of the century.  In Russia what has been called the Russian avant-garde was developing.  The best known artists of this school were Wassily Kandinsky and Kazimir Malevich but there were many others. They took abstraction far beyond the ideas of Picasso and Duchamp.

Among writers there were James Joyce, who often considered the outstanding author of the Twentieth Century, and Virginia Woolf and the Bloomsbury Group.  Upton Sinclair and Jack London were publishing novels that shook up the view of the world.  And don’t forget L. Frank Baum and his Wonderful Wizard of Oz, rumored to be a political parody, which is still influential.  Theodor Herzl published his idea of Zionism, whose influence is felt strongly 100 years later.

The development of computers took a step forward with the work of Herman Hollerith. He developed the 80-column punch card that could be used to tabulate data automatically.  This device was used to automate the 1890 census, speeding up the time it took to finish the count by a factor of eight.  He founded a company which was later merged to form IBM.  The use of 80 columns was popular in the computer field through the Eighties.

But then an even more important development necessary for the whole modern electronic age happened in the middle of the first decade of the Twentieth Century.  This invention is little remembered today, thought it is as important as others that are still heralded.  This device was the audion or triode, invented by Lee de Forest (called the Father of the Radio) in 1906.  I found him mentioned in a book called The Shallows by Nicholas Carr, which has further references.  The audion was an amplifier for electric currents, and made possible radio and long distance telephone calls, which would otherwise be limited by weak signals.  Vacuum tubes were extremely important in the first electronic computers, invented under the second zeitgeist change of the Twentieth Century, and when miniaturized into transistors, were important in the second generation of electronic computers, developed in the Fifties.

Cars were becoming increasingly popular in the first decade of the Twentieth Century. This popularity was greatly helped by the introduction of the first affordable automobile, the Model T Ford in 1908.  This automobile was released by the Ford Motor Company of Detroit Michigan and not only allowed the middle class to afford an automobile, but provided employment to many, including recent immigrants to the United States and Blacks fleeing the Jim Crow South.  The implication of the automobile were profound but they weren’t realized for many years.  All of the gas burned polluted the atmosphere causing the greenhouse effect, and people stopped moving, leading to many diseases of inactivity.  As a result of the widespread use of the automobile large stretches of open land have been paved over, for highways, parking lots, and driveways—personal parking lots for each home.  In fact , some homeowners associations require all houses to have driveways, whether or not they are used.  If an alien viewed Earth, the alien might believe that automobiles are the dominant life-form on the planet.  These automobiles are attended to by small symbiotes who feed them and keep their outsides clean, and buy them fuzzy dice and dashboard mascots, in exchange for which the small symbiotes are taken places by the automobiles.

Motion pictures were developed during this period.  People like Edison in 1891 and Lumiere in 1895 developed a way of projecting a picture onto a screen: if this was done often enough the human brain would not see individual frames but rather continuous motion.  But by the early years of the Twentieth Century motion pictures became wildly popular as the art of cinema developed and people no longer had to be content with images of simple motion.  By the middle of the first decade of the XXth Century feature films – films longer than one reel – were being produced.  At the same time actors began to get credit and production companies were organized.

But it was not only motion pictures that became increasingly popular, but still pictures that could be taken by an individual.  Today when many people carry camera with them on their cell-phones, we forget what a breakthrough this was since before this time photography was a difficult process not suitable for someone not truly interested in the act.  This change was due to George Eastman and his introduction of the Brownie camera in 1900 with the motto “You push the button, we do the rest”.

The development of the airplane, most famously by the Wright Brothers, in the first decade of the new century, revolutionize life.  Another person famous in the history of powered flight, who may also have a claim to the first flight, is Glenn Hammond Curtiss, who made the first officially witnessed powered flight and founded the aircraft industry. The names of both these pioneers lives in the name of the current aerospace company Curtiss-Wright Corporation.  The dream of flying like a bird had been a long one for mankind, as the myth of Icarus suggests.  It was given a boost with the development of hot-air balloons by the Montgolfier brothers in 1783, allowing humans to float over Paris. But by the Twentieth Century powered flight came into being, and there were many developments after that in the field.  This allowed humans to move easily from place to place around the world, and also, as an unforeseen consequence, to transfer all types of animals and microbes from one part of the world, where immunity existed, to other parts of the world where that particular disease had never been seen.   We are living with the consequences.

Music also changed in this period.  Igor Stravinsky changed music with his Rite of Spring, first performed in 1913.  The production was shocking, and the use of chords changed the way future composers looked at music.  There was also a Futurist movement in music with many of the same origins as in painting.  Charles Ives was one of the first American composers to be known throughout the world.  The French composer Edgard Varese was relatively unknown at the time, but he has influenced many such as the rock artist Frank Zappa.  Sergei Prokofiev was another composer who broke away from the Nineteenth Century.

Another important change for the United States and the rest of the world was that in this period — specifically 1899 — the United States made the conscious decision to become an empire.  Full details are given in the recent book by Stephen Kinzer The True Flag.  In the aftermath of the Spanish-American war, the United States came into possession of colonies: Cuba, Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Philippines.  In the latter, the US was engaged in a fierce struggle to hold on to the islands  against the natives who for some reason did not want to be governed by another foreign power.   The American Anit-Imperialist League was founded to battle this war, and had prominent members such as Mark Twain,  William James, and Andrew Carnegie.



Here we see two charts: One for the explosion of the battleship Maine in the Havana  Harbor, thus beginning the Spanish-American War.  The  second chart is for the explosions on 9/11, thus beginning the War on Terror.  Notice they are the reverse:  The first chart has Pluto on the Descendant of the United States opposite Saturn, indicating an explosion outside the country.  The second chart has Pluto opposite Saturn again, but this time Pluto is on the Ascendant, indicating an explosion in the country.  I see these two events/charts as booklends to the American Empire.

The period 1900-1913 saw the greatest immigration in to the United States.  People from other countries were seeking a new home in the United States, and often working at low paying jobs and living in tenements that had developed in larger cities, unlike the immigrants of earlier times that formed homesteads in rural territories.

This period saw changes in the commercial sphere as well.  The first Sears catalogs had appeared at the end of the Nineteenth Century; they were the Amazon.com of the day, allowing people to look at many products within the comfort of their homes.  The early Twentieth Century saw the improvement of the catalog, which reached more people.  The cash only department stores, that catered to the urban population (still a minority in a country that was basically rural), started to allow products to be bought on the installment plan, which meant that consumers could buy products that were previously unavailable to them because of prices that were beyond their budget.  This  practice of installment buying led to problems during the Great Depression a quarter century later.



Pluto Crosses Cardinal Axis


But this whole period of growth was brought to an end by another astrological configuration: Pluto crossed into Cancer.  In Uranian astrology, the world horoscope is based on the cardinal cross: 0 of Aries, Cancer, Libra, and Capricorn.  These form the foundation of the world, hence the term “World Horoscope”.  This is also the basis of the tropical astrological signs.  And Northern Hemisphere centric, they place 0 Cancer at the Tenth house cusp, because the Sun is the highest then in the northern hemisphere. When these outer planets, especially noticeable with Pluto, cross this axis, the world is changed: one example: when Pluto crossed into Capricorn in 2007-09, the world experienced what is called the Great Recession.  Five hundred years before that, at a similar ingress, the Reformation began.  Half way between the two, also a Capricorn Ingress of Pluto, the English defeated the French in Canada during the Seven Years War, and thus became the dominant power in a unipolar world.  In 1914, Pluto made several entrances into Cancer, and within a month of one of those, a royal couple was shot in Sarajevo, igniting the First World War and thus ending the developments of the first decade and a half, under this midpoint of Uranus, Neptune, and Pluto.

Much of this entry was previously published in “Modernism and the Start of the Twentieth Century”;  I have plagiarized several paragraphs.

The major changes of this period are so ingrained in the modern world that there is little controversy about them.  Not so for the next  two zeitgeist changes of the Twentieth Century.  These are still close to the current era, and their effects are still prominent in the current world.


Zeitgeist Changes – Part 1

The major contours of history are shown by the transits of the outer planets — Uranus, Neptune and Pluto.  For example, World War One was shown by a semisextile between Neptune and Pluto, the Great Depression was indicated by a semisquare/square/sesquiquadrate between those three planets, World War Two was shown by a trine between Uranus and Pluto, the Cold War was indicated by the long sextile between Neptune and Pluto that lasted (as did the Cold War between the United States and allied powers and the Soviet Union and its allied powers) between 1945 and 1991, when the Soviet Union dissolved, and the Sixties by a conjunction between Uranus and Pluto.

Here are charts that illustrate these aspects. Included is both a wheel chart showing when the aspect is exact, and the the appropriate graphical ephemeris showing how the aspect behaved over time.  A brief note for those not used to a graphical ephemeris (described in the section Definitions at the top of this page).  The graphical ephemeris shows the motions of the planets over time, and this is indicated by the horizontal scale along the bottom.  The graphical ephemeris is shown in the harmonic appropriate to make the aspect in question look like a conjunction; thus for example the semisextile — thirty degrees — is a twelfth harmonic (30 X 12 = 360, a full circle) aspect so that a graphical ephemeris to show the semisextile between Neptune and Pluto shows those two planets being close together in the time period shown is drawn in the twelfth harmonic.



World War One


This first chart shows a fairly exact semisextile between Neptune and Pluto, which were conjunct a quarter century earlier, on 9/23/1916, in the midst of World War One. The next image shows the graphical ephemeris from June 1914 when the conflict started, to when the conflict ended about where the black arrow is.  You can see that the semisextile started becoming within orb at the start of the war on the far left of the graph, got very tight during the middle part of the war, and then separated.



WW I Graphical Ephemeris



The Great Depression


This next chart shows an exact triangle consisting of Uranus sesquiquadrate Neptune, Neptune semisquare Pluto, and Pluto square Uranus to complete the figure on 4/7/1932 at the height of the Great Depression.  In the corresponding graphical ephemeris, we can see a close Neptune-Pluto semisquare with Uranus approaching aspect with the two at the left of the graph, right as the Great Depression was starting.  Then all three travel together — in the eighth harmonic — in the peak of the Great Depression.  Finally, by 1935, the three planets begin to separate from aspects.



Great Depression Graphical Ephemeris



World War Two


In this next set of charts, we see an exact trine between Uranus and Neptune on 4/7/1942, when World War Two was going strong and all parties were involved.  In the graphical ephemeris, Uranus and Neptune start to travel in trine at the left of the chart in 1936, when the war really started with Japan invading China, Franco attacking forces in the Spanish Civil War, and Germany invading several countries.  The war officially started in early September 1939, with Germany attacking Poland; this is the second vertical line to the left of the center line, where the trine is exact.  The trine separates after 1943 and gets even wider as the war draws to a close.



WW II Graphical Ephemeris



Cold War


With the Cold War, we see an exact sextile between Neptune and Pluto on June 27, 1953, when the Cold War was going strong.  But the Cold War lasted a long time, from 1945 until the disappearance of one of the protagonists of the Cold War in 1991.  In this graphical ephemeris spanning 50 years, we see that Neptune and Pluto start to get within orb of a sextile at the far left of the graph in 1945, and they go in and out of exactitude over the next 50 years.  The sextile finally separates for good in late 1990 and 1991.  You can see that the two periods where the aspect was very exact in the early Fifties and the early Eighties.





The Sixties


Finally here are two charts for the Sixties, the first showing an exact conjunction on April 4, 1966.  The corresponding graphical ephemeris shows Uranus and Pluto approaching conjunction in 1964 (though with a larger orb it may have been earlier — the separation at the far left between the two planets is about five degrees), the conjunction is exact in  1965 and 1966, and then  the conjunction widens after that with the orb being about four degrees at the right of the graph, which is September  1967.



Sixties Graphical Ephemeris



Aspects involving all three planets are more potent that those involving just two, and the strongest of those is the midpoint.  Midpoints involving the three outer planets occur at most three times a century and, as we shall see later, these midpoint configurations indicate a major change in the zeitgeist of society, one so great that it can be called a “Soft Coup.”  People who come of age after the midpoint do not realize that the world was ever different than what they know, and others soon forget that the world was once different, so that they begin to accept the new reality as having always be the fact.  These are zeitgeist changes.  Zeitgeist is a German word that means spirit of the time, the way people think or believe, like the water that a fish swims in.  Once you forget that the zeitgeist has changed and believe that things have always been as they are now, you also come to believe that things can’t change, that they will always be like they are now. That is the difficulty many people have as they attempt to predict the future; they think that things will go on as they are now, and as they have always been — they just carry on the trends that are happening now for a few more years.



Neptune Midpoint early Sixteenth Century


There are two or three midpoints most centuries and (for the last 2000 years) they alternate between Uranus at the apex with Pluto at the apex.  There are two exceptions: the first is that once every 500 years we have Neptune at the apex.  From a limited sample, these midpoints are the most important since they indicate a change that will influence the next 500 years.  The last such midpoint was about 1503-1506; this period saw publication of the first maps of the earth that were similar to the ones we use today; the voyages of the previous decade had shown the Europeans that there were new continents.  These new maps and conception of the world set the stage for the subsequent colonization and exploitation of that new hemisphere that would definitively influence and shape the next half millennium — the 500 Year Party.  The previous midpoint with Neptune at apex was 990-993, and that period saw the rise of Otto I — first ruler of the Holy Roman Empire — and a rebirth of art in the medieval period.  This is called the Ottonian Renaissance.  In China the Song Dynasty started, and there soon resulted in what is called the Song Renaissance, where among other things gunpowder and movable type were developed.



Neptune Midpoint late Tenth Century



Midpoints Eighteenth Century


The other exception is that once every 500 years there is a century where the three outer planets are in signs of the same element so there is potentially a grand trine.  In this case all three take tuns being the apex planet.  This is the only midpoint activity of that century.  The last trine like this occurred in the period 1760-1776.  This saw the Enlightenment and the birth of the United States.  The one before that was in 1240 through 1265.  Mongol hordes from Asia, led by grandsons of Genghis Khan, had been attacking Europe for many years in the Thirteenth Century, and may have introduced gunpowder into Europe; they mysteriously started to withdraw in 1242.  Perhaps the fact that the climate changed significantly at this point was one of the reasons for the sudden withdrawal.  But the next quarter century, the period of this midpoint configuration, was a time when the beaten Europe had to recover itself and redefine its reality.


Midpoints Thirteenth Century


Here a my preliminary thoughts to the meanings, beyond the zeitgeist change, for these various types of outer planet midpoints.  Uranus apex midpoints signify a change; this is sort of the default midpoint result.  Pluto apex midpoints are a more transformative change.  Neptune apex midpoints represent the most far reaching change, determining the next 500 years, but also the most nebulous or least obvious.  The grand trine configuration of all three apex planets in a midpoint represents a change in many dimensions over a wide period of time.

About 2500 years ago — 576BCE — there was a triple conjunction of Uranus, Neptune, and Pluto.  Since the period of Neptune is about twice the period of Uranus, and that of Pluto is three times the period of Uranus, this is not impossible.  The period for the conjunction of all three is about 4000 years so the next will occur in 3369CE.  But for the 500 years or so after this conjunction, that is before the Common Era started, the midpoints of those three outer planets did not follow the scheme indicated above.  The midpoint of this 4000 year cycle was in 1396 so we are in  the second half of this long cycle.

Early Twentieth Century Disasters

In the early part of the XXth century, inspection and control were lax, safety measures somewhat non-existent, and large disasters occurred more often than 100 years later. Here are four.

The General Slocum was a cruise ship in Brooklyn, New York, built near the end of the Nineteenth Century.  On June 15, 1904 it was chartered by a church group for an enjoyable cruise to Long Island and a picnic.  The ship was carrying an estimated 1331 passengers, mostly German immigrants or second generation German-Americans from a Lutheran Church in lower Manhattan.  The disaster that befell it is less well known than the Triangle Shirtwaist Fire, discussed below, which also took place in New York City.  Shortly after leaving the dock a fire started on the ship.  It is still unclear exactly how the fire started.  Witnesses claimed the fire started in either a cabin filled with paint or one filled with gasoline.  The passengers could either die by fire or die by drowning, since most probably could not swim, and the clothing of the early Twentieth century made swimming difficult.  There were mostly women and children on the ship, and the large skirts on the women made swimming difficult.  Ship safety quality had not been maintained: the fire hoses were rotten, the life preservers fell apart and the crumbling cork acted as a dead weight for the wearers, and the life boats were not accessible, in some cases wired down or painted to walls.  To coin a phrase, it was a disaster waiting to happen.  The captain of the ship also made bad decisions that delayed rescue.  Help was slow in arriving.  The ship left dock at 9:30 for a church picnic, and the fire was noticed at 10, which is when the chart is drawn.  As a result, over 1000 people died.  Since most of the people lost were from Little Germany in Manhattan, that neighborhood declined after the disaster.  The captain was sentenced to 10 years in Sing Sing.  He was released after 3 and a half years.  Steamship inspection was reformed.



Slocum Fire


The first thing we notice in the chart of this event is the conjunction of Sun, Mars, Pluto, and Venus, with Mars and Pluto (major violence) within one-half degree.  And that conjunction is trine Saturn: Extreme violence on that day (Sun) affecting mostly women (Venus).  The trine indicates that the death in this case had long lasting (Saturn) effects. The Sun opposite Uranus suggests the suddenness of this disaster (and don’t forget that the word “disaster” means “bad stars”, that is a evil combination of planets, and is essentially an astrological word).  The sextile between Jupiter and the Sun, and from the sixth harmonic chart we can see how close that sextile (conjunction is the sixth harmonic) actually is, shows that this disaster was indeed big, that is, Jupiterian.



Slocum Sixth Harmonic


The sinking of the Titanic is a famous disaster, and movies have been made of the incident.  The Titanic was supposedly unsinkable, and it left London on its maiden voyage for New York City, filled with both poor people and the rich.  It struck an ice berg in the North Atlantic at 11:38 pm ship time on April 14, 1912.  It took two hours and 40 minutes to sink and more than 1500 people died, making it one of the largest maritime disasters in history.  The Titanic lived up to its name: it was four city blocks long and 11 stories high; it included a gym, a swimming pool, and a squash court.  Since it was considered unsinkable, only half the number of needed lifeboats were provided.  Another problem was a lack of binoculars which prevented crew members stationed in the crow’s nest from seeing the iceberg they were approaching.  The ship was equipped with state of the art communications, but somehow the warnings about ice that were received never were passed on to the bridge.  Many of the lifeboats were lowered half full since ship’s crew was not certain they had been tested for seaworthiness.  Even though there was a close ship when the accident happened, that ship (later identified as the British ship Californian) never responded to the Titanic’s plight.  Most people could have been saved if a rescue ship was available when sinking began.



Titanic Hits Iceberg


In the chart for the time the Titanic hit the iceberg, and thus the “birth” of the accident, we see the approaching New Moon at the bottom of the chart, so there was no available lunar light at the time of the collision.  There is a semisquare between Mars and Saturn, which suggests the difficulties in rescuing people, both through the half-filled lifeboats and the difficulty of getting a rescue ship.  Pluto hit the Descendant about 20 minutes later, as the ship was sinking.  There is a wide Pluto Mars conjunction here just as seen previously.  There is a one degree Moon square Pluto (periled humanity) that became exact in another two hours, about when the ship finally sunk.  At the same time Neptune came to the Descendant, indicated the ship’s watery grave.

The Triangle Shirtwaist Fire is well known, but relatively few people died as a result of that fire that took place in a commercial building in Manhattan.  Only 146 people died, mostly from fire in a building from which they could not escape, but some from jumping as they tried to escape the fire.  On Saturday March 25, 1911 at 4:40 in the afternoon a fire broke out on eighth floor.  Immediately a bookkeeper called the company offices on the tenth floor and appraised them of the fire.  Those on the tenth floor exited immediately.  Those on the eighth floor also ran for their lives and escaped.  But no one told the workers on the ninth floor.  Fire escapes collapsed and some got out by climbing down the elevator cables, and others used the two small freight elevators.   Some thought the fire began in a box of fabric scraps that a cigarette was thrown into.  The doors were locked to prevent the workers from leaving, as required by the owners to prevent stealing, and only one of the four large elevators was in working condition.  This incident is famous for highlighting the poor working conditions available for young women in the early Twentieth Century, and caused many demands for reform of labor laws.  Currently, as most clothing manufacturing has moved overseas, such disasters happen in foreign counties, such as the famous one that was reminiscent of The Triangle Shirtwaist fire that occurred in Bangladesh a few years ago.  The owners of Triangle Shirtwaist refused to allow unionization (workers wanted to join the International Ladies Garment Workers’ Union — ILGWU — but were prevented by the owners).  After this fire, the ILGWU was much more popular with the public.  The owners of the business paid a week’s wages to the families of those who had died, and received $200,000 from insurance.



Triangle Shirtwaist Fire


In this chart we have Moon conjunction Mars (fiery deaths of women) square Saturn conjunct Venus (loss of females).  Pluto is in the tenth house, loosely conjunct the Midheaven and reaches the MC 50 minutes later.

The SS Eastland was also a passenger ship used for cruises, and based in Chicago.  The workers from a General Electric affiliated plant started boarding early for a picnic, a break from their mundane lives.  After the Eastland had been build, it was found to be top-heavy and prone to listing on one side.  On the morning July 24, 1915 the ship soon filled to capacity, which was over 2500 people.  While it sat at dock, the Eastland began to list to one side, causing passenger to gather on the other side.  It kept listing, and finally tilted over 90 degrees to the port side so that the deck was half submerged and the ship rested on the bottom, which was only 20 feet below the surface of the water.  Many were trapped under water, and some were crushed by heavy furniture that moved when the ship tilted.  Even though they were only 20 feet from the dock, 848 lost their lives.  After the sinking of the Titanic, changes had been made to lifeboats carried, and some think that the Eastland was top heavy and thus had a tendency to capsize because of all the lifeboats it carried on the top deck, called the Hurricane Deck.  People dived into the water attempting to rescue passengers, and welders arrived and attempted to open the hull to remove trapped passengers; neither operation was very successful.



Eastland Lists


In the Eastland chart, the Moon opposite Pluto jumps out at us; Moon and Pluto have already been mentioned several times in this entry; major events affecting women, and these two planets are trine and sextile the event Ascendant, showing that it happened in this location.  Sun is tightly conjoined with Neptune; this could indicate the watery doom that befell many on that day, or the confused responses to an accident that happened while the ship was at dock.  Mars Uranus combination are famous in accidents (consider the meanings of those two planets) and here we have a trine between Mars and Uranus. And, as in the first cruise ship accident discussed, here there is a Sun-Jupiter aspect — Sun trine Jupiter with orb about two degrees: Another large death toll.

An American Way of Death

The massive killing of concert goers in Las Vegas is in the news, and since an exact time the shooting started is available, I had expected to write about the chart for this incident. But just to expand the scope of this entry, I decided to cover the charts for two other recent mass shootings.  There are so many it was an embarrassment of riches, so to speak, but I finally decided on two more very famous incidents: the shooting at Columbine High School in Colorado and the Sandy Hook shootings in Connecticut.  Then we are looking at an incident from the East Coast, one from the center of the country, and one from the West.  But mass killing didn’t just happen recently.  There were many massacres of Native Americans throughout American history, but they are not well timed.  But one early incident occurred in the Twenties involving school children that we have a date and time for and I will look at this also.



Las Vegas Massacre


Looking at the chart for the first shot at the crowd, we see the long lasting transits Uranus semisquare Neptune, which goes in and out of orb over the next three years, and only sets the background to the craziness of the world during these years, and Uranus opposite Jupiter, not nearly as long lasting as the previous aspect — Jupiter moves through one sign per year — and indicates an excess of unpredictability.  But the most obvious aspect is Saturn just above the Descendant, about half a degree.  The exact opposition to the Ascendant would happen about four minutes later, in the midst of the shooting.  Saturn has a bad reputation, called the “greater malefic”.  Saturn opposite the Ascendant says that something bad is coming into your environment from the outside, which is exactly what happened.  Notice also the Venus-Mars conjunction trine Pluto.  The Mars trine Pluto is quite close, orb about nine minutes.  Mars-Pluto suggest great violence, but this aspect is a trine, not a square.  Most people think a trine is soft and easy, unlike a square.  But this is not quite true.  A trine indicates action that goes on easily, without causing an upset which is noticeable.  In the case it is now known that the shooter amassed a huge supply of weapons and carefully planned his action.  The whole operation appeared to come about without difficulty, indicative of a trine.  Of course this aspect was long lasting, whereas the Saturn on the Ascendant was very brief, since the Ascendant changes at the rate of approximately one degree every four minutes, so this aspect was only valid for several minutes, exactly the time of the shooting.




Las Vegas Shooting – USA


And here is a chart for the transits at that time in the US chart.  We notice that both Neptune is square the US Ascendant and Uranus is sesquiquadrate that Ascendant.  This occurs because of the Uranus semisquare Neptune aspect mentioned above, but in this case we see that that aspects is so situated that both planets aspect the US Ascendant, meaning that the craziness mentioned about directly impacts the US.  Transiting Saturn is opposite the US Mars — frustrated energy.



Columbine Shooting


The next chart is for the shooting at Columbine High in Colorado in 1999.  Among other things, this shooting highlights the hypocrisy of American leaders in regards to mass shootings and gun control.  Bill Clinton, President of America at the time of the shooting, spoke out against the stupidity of this shooting at the same time that he was bombing Serbia and killing many civilians.  I suppose very few of his listeners at the time noted the extreme conflict between what he said and what he did.  The old saying “Do as I say, not as I do” was never more useful.  In this incident, two high school students Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold killed 13 students and teachers and wounded 24.

In this chart we find Mercury exactly — less than a quarter degree — on the Midheaven. This event was communicated – Mercury — fairly immediately to the populace at large. Everyone knew about it.  To further accentuated the people’s knowledge of this event, we have the Moon (people) square mercury and the Midheaven.  What is most noticeable is the T-square involving Saturn opposite Mars square Neptune.  It is hard to imagine three planets with a more negative reputation.  Mars square Neptune, also seen in the US chart, show misapplied or confused energies.  Saturn and Mars shows frustrated energies that do not come out the way expected (the two lads involved had expected an explosion from bombs they had planted, but that explosion never happened) or are frustrated.  Saturn and Neptune have been discussed before, simply indicated the disillusion with what had once been thought to be a good idea.  Notice that the orbs in all three of these aspects are tight; the Mars Saturn opposition is within 20 minutes, and Mars is retrograde, adding to the underhanded nature of actions at this time.



Sandy Hook Shooting


The third chart here is for the shooting at Sandy Hook School in Connecticut.  In this incident 20 year old Adam Lanza shot 20 students all of whom were under eight years old, and six adult at the elementary school.  He had earlier killed his mother and at the end of the killing at the school he committed suicide.  The chart is not very impressive; the tightest aspect is in the Sun-Saturn semisquare, which is about seven seconds of arc.  But let us look a little deeper, at the fourth harmonic chart.  The fourth harmonic chart, like any other harmonic chart, shows nothing that is not already in the primary chart, just like a microscope shows nothing that is not already in the thing being observed.  But the fourth harmonic chart shows things that aren’t easily noticeable in the primary chart, things that can be very important.  And in this chart we see that there is a T-Square involving some very interesting planets.  Now realize this is not a T-square, involving an opposition and two squares, in the conventional sense.  The “opposition” in this case is the exact semisquare between Sun and Saturn pointed out above.  In the fourth harmonic chart a semisquare or a sesquiquadrate appear as oppositions, since they are based on one-eight of a circle and eight times one half (opposition) is four.  The squares in the fourth harmonic chart are actually semi-octiles, multiples of 22.5 degrees, but important hard aspects.  Here we have Sun, Saturn, Neptune, showing a difficult day, one where things do not turn out as expected.



Sandy Hook Fourth Harmonic


And just to show that large scale mass murders are not just due to guns, here is a crime that occurred in the (Roaring) Twenties involving dynamite.  This took place in the Bath Township of Michigan.  This incident still remains, even after Sandy Hook, the deadliest school massacre in American History.  At the time dynamite was a relatively new explosive, having been invented by Alfred Nobel 60 years earlier.  Bath was a small village near the capital of Michigan, Lansing.  An initial explosion at 8:45 in the morning was from a cache of dynamite that had previously be laid.  Not all of the dynamite planted exploded.  A member of the school board named Andrew Kehoe drove up to the school with a dynamite filled pickup truck which he blew up by shooting the truck, killing himself and several bystanders.  Forty-five people died as a result of his actions, including 38 students.



Bath Township Massacre


So here is a chart for the main explosion at the school, from dynamite which was on a timer.  There was also an explosion at the same time at Kehoe’s house, which killed his ill wife, and explosion later at the school when Kehoe shot his truck, killing himself, the school superintendent, and some others.  There is a square between Sun-Mercury and Neptune — confused communication and a day (Sun) of deception.  But notice Mars conjunct Pluto with Mars less than a degree off the Ascendant– violence, bloodshed in the environment.  Jupiter is right on the Midheaven, and  Jupiter is considered the “greater benefic”.  Perhaps the deaths would be much greater if all the dynamite planted at the school went off, so there was some luck involved.  Also, many students were on a break and so avoided the blast.  But Jupiter also suggests the magnitude of this killing, which as I said before is still the deadliest in US history, and it was at a small school.  And Jupiter is conjunct Uranus (see Richard Tarnas for other meanings of the conjunction involving discovery) which reflects the opposition of the same two planets in the Las Vegas shooting chart.


Early British History

The Battle of Hastings in 1066 was an important turning point in British history, and thus also in American history.  It was discussed in this blog a long time ago pointing out that the split between the”Red States” and “Blue States” extends back to the Norman Invasion and the Battle of Hastings.

With the Norman Invasion, French royalty who believed that they were the proper inheritors of the British crown invaded England and the Norman prince William battled with the current ruler of England, Harold Godwinsson.  So we had a Anglo-Saxon army of traditional English peoples battling the invading army of the French-Normans.  These two groups had two different mindsets that influenced English, and thus American, thought down through the ages, now almost 1000 years.

The Normans were philosophically descended from the Romans and their idea of a Republic, that is to say representative democracy, and also of course the Catholic Church. The defenders, though Christian (and thus Catholic) at the time, were descended from the paganism of the early English and Scandinavians, who had invaded England over the last few centuries.  These people were believers of Democracy, which is to say direct democracy.  See the article at the link for more details.  The democracy of the Anglo-Saxons is today more visible in the town democracy of New England, which was originally settled by the descendants of the traditional English (for more details see Albion’s Seed by David Hackett Fischer) whereas the national government of America runs on a republican form of government which was represented by the French Normans. Most of the early government was designed by politicians from Virginia, who were descended from the Royalists who settled in the states and were from the Cavilers in England, descendants of the French Normans.



Battle of Hastings


Though the battle of Hastings lasted all day, we do have a time for when it started: 9 am.  Here is that chart.  The most prominent feature is Saturn at the Midheaven — a little over one degree away.  While Saturn is often associated with bad outcomes, and this was certainly true for the defenders under Harold, Saturn more particularly refers to the long lasting implications of this battle — it influenced British history for the next millennium.  Neptune, which of course was unknown at the time, is placed on the Descendant: Things coming from outside the immediate environment — that is from France on the other side of the English Channel — were not seen clearly.  Mars is square Saturn and the Midheaven, certainly appropriate to a battle whose result would influence England and the world for a long time to come.  Also note the formation involving Moon, Midheaven, Saturn, Sun, Venus, Mercury, and Mars, five of the seven planets known at the time.  If we look at the fourth harmonic chart of this event, it is more clear.  Saturn, Mars, Midheaven are opposite Sun, Moon (it was a last quarter Moon) with Venus loosely conjoined.  This was a major event involving battle and, with the connection to the two lights — the Sun and Moon — this event was quite important.



Battle of Hastings Harmonic 4


William founded a dynasty of kings.  His granddaughter, Matilda, married Geoffrey, Count of Anjou, who liked to wear as his personal symbol a bit of flowering broom, whose Latin name was Planta genista.  Their son became king Henry II, the first of a long line of Plantagenet kings.  That dynasty lasted until it ended at a battle at Bosworth Field, and the victor became Henry VII, the first Tudor king, in 1485, who defeated the notorious Richard III.  In the years before that the English rulers were engaged in a civil war between two families of the Plantagenets in what was called the War of the Roses, a popular theme in the plays of Shakespeare.

Another important event of early British history is called “Murder in the Cathedral” — the killing of Thomas Becket, the Archbishop of Canterbury, by forces loyal to King Henry II. There was a movie made about this event called (big surprise) Becket, staring Richard Burton in the title role, released in 1964, and a poem/drama by T. S. Ellot called “Murder in the Cathedral” written in 1935.  We have an approximate time for this murder: Thomas had just gone to vespers, which is approximately at 6:30 in the evening, when he was killed.  Four knights thought the King wanted Thomas killed, though perhaps they misunderstood what the King said.  As a result all four were excommunicated.



Killing Thomas Becket

Several things stand out: Mars conjunct Jupiter — plenty of violence.  Moon opposite Uranus: Unexpected events at this time.  The Moon moves one degree in two hours so the exact opposition would take place two hours later.  Of course the time of this event is only approximate, since all we know is that the Archbishop was at vespers when the murder occurred.  Mercury conjunct Neptune: confused thoughts.  And Venus on the Descendant: Venus (justice) was setting and it would be below the horizon in about 10 minutes.

Henry had two sons who became kings.  One, Richard I who was known as Lionheart, spent most of his time away from home fighting in Crusades to drive the Muslims from the Holy Land.  His brother was John, the king after Richard died.  John upset his aristocratic barons and they forced him to sign the Magna Carta (Great Charter) giving them more rights.  This was famously signed in the fields of Runnymede – a meadow near the Thames — near Leicestershire, on June 15, 1215.  I haven’t been able to find an exact time, but noon is a reasonable guess.  The Magna Carta is considered the first written constitution, and has served as the inspiration to many in the time since it was written, even though like most good ideas there were many, many times when its promises were not observed.  Still, it is an important landmark.


Magna Carta



In this chart we see Sun conjunct Venus — justice on this day — conjunct the Midheaven, not surprising since it is a noon chart.  This conjunction is square Uranus, the planet of change and of revolution, and this document was that.  There is a quincunx, 150 degrees  which indicates a difference between the Sun — King John — and the people, in this case the barons, which needs adjustment.  This quincunx is close, 2 minutes from exact.  Note that the Sun is at 0 Cancer, the first day of Summer.  Since this was the Julian calendar and not the Gregorian calendar that is used today, thee was a bit of slippage between the seasons and the calendar.



Battle of Bosworth Field


Finally, here is a chart for the battle that ended the Plantagenet reign, and ushered in the Tudor dynasty.  The bones of Richard III were recently found in a car park (ie, parking lot) in England to much notice.  The Battle of Bosworth Field is historically very important in England.  This is the most unimpressive chart I have seen of an event, especially one of so much import. The only thing of note is a recent Jupiter-Saturn conjunction, which indicates the beginning of a twenty-year period of a new ruler.  This is all true but not very impressive.

But at a large scale, this year – 1485 — is important.  In November of that year, the planets were bunched as closely as they had been in 500 years (as discussed previously).  This indicated the end of the previous 500 year cycle, and the beginning of the next one, the one I call the 500 Year Party, which ended in 1982.  And indeed, the reign of Henry VII is considered the beginning of the English Renaissance.

Before The Civil War

Currently we have Neptune in an opening square to the Ascendant of the United States and a trine between Neptune and the US Sun.  Because of the slow passage of Neptune, this pattern was repeated last before Neptune was discovered, in 1853 and 1854.  Thus I thought it would be interesting to look at that period in American history.




In the period 2016 through 2018 we have transiting Neptune making an opening square the the US Ascendant, as has been discussed before, and also a trine to the US Sun.  These two important Neptune transits go on for several years.  The first chart shows a position within this period in which you can see both the square to the Ascendant — red line — and the trine to the Sun — blue line.  Since the square is a fourth harmonic aspect and the trine is a third harmonic aspect, the harmonic which shows both aspects as a conjunction is the twelfth harmonic: 12 = 3X4.  So here is a twelfth harmonic graphical ephemeris allowing one to see when both aspects are coming into orb, exact, and leaving orb.  Neptune first approaches square to the Ascendant in late spring of 2016 — black arrow — and then the trine with the Sun finally ceases in early 2019 — red arrow.  So for about three and a half years the United States is strongly Neptunian.




But this combination of aspects has happened once before in the history of the United States, that is, after its birth, and that was in the period 1853 and 1854.  The third chart is a wheel showing when both aspects were within orb, and the fourth chart is a graphical ephemeris, like the previous one, showing when Neptune approaches the opening square with the Ascendant — black arrow — until when the final trine with the Sun took place at the end of 1854 — red arrow.  This period was shorter than the current one, but many important things did happen




In 1850, under a Uranus-Pluto conjunction, the South thought about leaving the Union, but in a vote of Southern states, only one state, South Carolina, voted for succession, so the matter was dropped for the time being.  But 1850 did see the Fugitive Slave Act (part of the Compromise of 1850) passed, which required northerners to return slaves that had escaped to their rightful “owners”.  This act was not very popular in many Northern cities, and there was widespread refusal to obey its demands.



Before the Civil War


Then in 1854 the Kansas-Nebraska Act was passed, shepherded by Stephen Douglas who would become famous for his debates with Whig politician Abraham Lincoln, whom he ran against in the election of 1860.  To understand the full import of this act, we will have to explore the history of Congress’s dealings with slavery, which was always a controversial subject in America,

In 1820 Congress passed the Missouri Compromise,  which was suppose to settle the issue of slavery in the country.  Missouri was going to enter the nation as a slave state, thus upsetting the balance of slave and free states in the country.  To avoid this, Maine was broken off from Massachusetts and thus became a free state at the same time that Missouri became a slave state, maintaining the balance.  Furthermore, when other states were made from the vast territory that was the Louisiana Purchase, all states north of the southern border of Missouri (expect obviously Missouri) were to be free states and those south of that border would be slave states.


Missouri Compromise


The chart, above,  for the day the Missouri Compromise was passed, is very interesting. There is a conjunction between Uranus and Neptune, the last one before 1990, opposite the US Venus and square Pluto, which sits on the IC of the United States.  That Pluto position — the conjunction with the IC was yet to happen — indicates  that deep changes to the society of the US were coming in the near future.  This period saw a Venus return for the United States (transiting Venus returns to its natal position), and with that strong opposition, Justice seemed to be in the ascendancy.  This was an illusion but it would takes several decades for this to become clear.

This compromise had lasted for a third of a century, but now that Kansas and Nebraska were about to enter the country, and both of the states were clearly north of the southern border of Missouri and so they should be free states, Douglas, among others, wanted popular sovereignty to be in effect.  This allowed each state to determine its own policies of slavery.  This popular sovereignty passed in the Kansas-Nebraska Act, thus killing the Missouri Compromise and, though it was not initially clear, setting the final stage for the Civil War, which was to come in another seven years.

There were many unintended consequences of this Act.  Because of the repeal of the Missouri Compromise, more and more people became disgusted and disillusioned with slavery and expressed their increasing unhappiness.  Many slave owners from Missouri rushed into Kansas hoping to swell the vote in favor of slavery in that state.  These people were called border ruffians or pukes, and were seen as interlopers by the people who already lived in the Kansas territory.  There were many skirmishes been the pro and anti slavery citizens of Kansas, leading to what has been called “Bleeding Kansas”.  An important preacher from Brooklyn, Henry Ward Beecher (brother of Harriet Beecher Stowe, whose novel Uncle Tom’s Cabin had been published in 1852) sent boxes of what were called Beecher’s Bibles and were actually rifles to Kansas that helped with the bleeding.  A man by the name of John Brown killed five pro-slavery people in Kansas in 1856, before his more famous attack on Harper’s Ferry.  The Whig Party, that had formed as a response to Andrew Jackson, essentially disappeared with the passage of the Kansas Nebraska Act, and anti-slavery Whigs joined with members of the Free Soil Party to form the Republican Party in 1954, thus ending what is called the Second Party System and replacing it with the Third Party System — Republicans and Democrats — which the country still has.  So we can see that the passage of this piece of legislation, considered so fine at the time, on hindsight can be seen as one of the final acts that lead directly to the Civil War.  The Missouri Compromise had settled the waters of the slavery antislavery controversy for awhile, but as an elderly Thomas Jefferson said at the time, this was as a fire bell in the night.  It just took forty years for the fire to be acknowledged.

In summary, this period with the multiple Neptune transits for the United States saw the final disillusionment with the status quo opinion that it was possible to compromise with the slave-owning republic that was south of the Mason-Dixon line, but expanding.  This compromise had been in effect for a third of a century, but it was finally rapidly collapsing.  The end, as Neptune transited opposite the MC of the US and Uranus transited opposite the Ascendant of the US, would not be long in coming.

Odds And Ends

I was asked to look at the Cancer Ingress chart for a Solstice potluck I attended recently.  I drew the chart for when the Sun is at 0 Cancer and thus when the first instant of Summer, in the Northern hemisphere, officially starts.  The chart’s location is Washington, D.C. because it is the capital of the nation.  I did not know what to expect, but the chart only emphasized what we have seen before, and so I will refer you to previous entries.  In this chart the most prominent planet near an angle (Ascendant, Midheaven, etc) is Neptune rising and just a few degrees below the Ascendant and in the first house.  The second most obvious is Saturn in the tenth house and a few degrees from the Midheaven.  If one were born in, say, Jamaica, New York, Saturn would be even closer to the Midheaven.  As has been talked about before Neptune indicates that the next half year, at least, will be very Neptunian; it is as if vaseline were spread over America’s perception of the world, even more so now than usually.  This manifests itself most clearly in the Russiagate scandal, which polls show is greatly favored by politicians and the mass media, whereas the general public believes there is really nothing there and wishes that politicians would show interest in things like health care and the lack of good-paying jobs.  From a distance, it appears that America has gone crazy.




Saturn at the top of the chart is simply an indication that things will not go smoothly in the public arena, and the the world will see the country as somewhat hidebound (insert your favorite Saturn world here).  For a person born in Jamaica the next six months will only be really bad, with everyone attacking him,  as they have been doing since  even before the election.

The tightest aspect is a trine between Pluto and the Moon.  For this aspect, Ebertin says “striving for power” to which one can only add “well, duh!!”.  We already see jockeying for the 2018 midterm elections, of which Russiagate is the Democratic attempt to win back a populace increasingly turned off to their love of the elites.

There was some excitement recently over the fiftieth anniversary — fiftieths are always a big deal, as are a hundred year anniversary — of the release of the Beatles album Sargent Pepper’s Lonely Hearts Club Band, which is considered a landmark, for among other things the year it was released — 1967 — the so-called Summer of Love in San Francisco. Since I had already looked at the release of the Bob Dylan album Slow Train Coming I knew how to handle album releases.  It turns out that this album was released on two separate dates, one in England and later one in the United States.



Sargent Pepper released USA


For the release date in the United States, drawn at 12 noon, we have Sun at the MC and the Uranus-Pluto conjunction, which so defines the Sixties, at the Ascendant and thus loosely square the Sun for the day of the release.  Since this album was an epitome of Sixties-culture, the fact that the Sun was in aspect to that conjunction on this day is only appropriate.  Venus is conjunct Jupiter, suggesting good (sweet) music.  On that day the transiting Moon went over Saturn, suggesting that there were some disappointments in the future (see for example the Manson murders (supposedly he rallied his “troops” by using a Beatles song from a later album) and the concert at the Altamont Speedway, for starters) .



Sargent Pepper released in USA


For these transits within the USA chart, we see that that Uranus Pluto conjunction is right on the natal Neptune and straddling it.  Neptune reminds one of the mystical experience that that era promised and sometimes delivered, and also drugs, which featured prominently in the album in question.  We already saw that Moon-Saturn transiting conjunction, but here the transiting Mars is exactly on Saturn of the United States.; this Mars-Saturn combination has been described as “Driving with the brakes on” but of course nobody realized that at the time.  Also interesting is that the Sun for the day is exactly on the Descendant of the United States.  It was an important day that people would recognize and remember, but also symbolically the Sun was setting.  That June also was the fabled “Summer of Love” where so many young people would be going to San Francisco (with or without, as the popular song of that summer had it, flowers in their hair). Fifty years is a long time ago.



Sargent Pepper released in UK


The album was released in Great Britain on May 26, and I used a natal chart for the United Kingdom for 1801 with the union of Britain and Ireland as a background for the transits of the day.  In this chart we see a Jupiter return for the United Kingdom, and certainly the Beatles, and the other bands of the “British Invasion” were good for the bottom line of the country.  England was swingin’ in the Sixties!  Transiting Venus is conjunct the Moon of the UK — music for the masses indeed.  But Saturn is also prominent in this chart, being just above the Descendant.  This suggest much the same as the prominence of Saturn in the US charts mentioned above.

But there is another fiftieth anniversary which this summer sees that is not discussed as much, that is of the shooting of a US ship Liberty by the Israelis less than a week after this album was released in the Sates.  The USS Liberty was a research ship for the US Navy, and it was attacked by Israeli Air Force planes and torpedo boats.  All told, 34 sailors were killed, 171 injured, and the ship was damaged considerably.  This incident has never been adequately explained, and there were several “conspiracy theories” that rose up about it.  In the wake of the 50th anniversary, Haaretz, often considered the most important newspaper in Israel, published a major article investigating the incident, something that American newspapers shy away from.  Men on the Israeli ship realized at the time that they were about to fire an an American vessel, but the order was to continue firing at the Liberty.  US troops that were in the water were also fired upon. Later Israel apologized and United States President Lyndon Johnson accepted their apology and the matter was let drop.




USS Liberty  Fired Upon

In the chart for the event, which took place about 25 miles northwest of the Egyptian city of Arish, just after a New Moon, where the Moon was less than three degrees beyond the Sun, about six hours after the exact New Moon.  And of course we see the signature Uranus-Pluto conjunction in the twelfth house.  Mars in the first house is opposite Saturn, and indeed it was a martial adventure, with Mars Saturn problems since there has been a Saturnian coverup of this event in the 50 years since.  Jupiter and Venus were closely conjunct — less than one degree — at the beginning of Leo, and semisquare the New Moon, but this event did not bring any of the promises of Venus-Jupiter (great beneficence) to the sailors on the Liberty, but it did for the Israel, since they escaped with only an apology for what could have been an international incident: an ally killing many US troops in a a totally unprovoked attack.



The chart for the transits to the USA chart for this instant are not that much different than for the release of Sargent Pepper less than a week before, except that the Moon and Sun have moved during the interval.  The New Moon is now on the USA Mars — gunfire, violence — and the meaning should be clear as regards this incident.